Cardio-Oncology Rehabilitation Exercise Prescription and Programming - Present & Future Perspective

By: Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, SIMATS.
CHENNAI, India - March 26, 2024 - PRLog -- Dr. KABILAN R MPT (Cardio-Pulmonary Sciences)., CLT(USA)(UK)., CCRES(USA)., MSc(C.Psy)., MBA(H.M)., PGPWHR., (PhD)
Tutor - Department of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Conditions,
Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, SIMATS.

Cardio-oncology rehabilitation has emerged as a vital component in the comprehensive care of cancer patients, focusing on the management of cardiovascular health before, during, and after cancer treatment. As cancer therapies have improved and survivorship rates have increased, there is growing recognition of the need to address cardiovascular complications associated with cancer treatment. Exercise prescription and programming are fundamental aspects of cardio-oncology rehabilitation, aiming to optimize cardiovascular function, improve quality of life, and reduce the risk of cardiovascular events in cancer survivors.

Presently, cardio-oncology rehabilitation involves a multidisciplinary approach, typically involving oncologists, cardiologists, exercise physiologists, and other healthcare professionals. The exercise prescription is tailored to the individual patient, taking into account factors such as the type of cancer, stage of treatment, cardiovascular risk factors, and overall fitness level. Exercise programs may include aerobic exercise, resistance training, flexibility exercises, and balance training, with the goal of improving cardiovascular fitness, muscle strength, and functional capacity.

Despite these challenges, there is growing evidence supporting the benefits of exercise in cancer patients, both during and after treatment. Regular exercise has been shown to improve cardiovascular function, reduce the risk of cancer recurrence, and enhance overall quality of life. Additionally, exercise may help mitigate some of the side effects of cancer treatment, such as fatigue, muscle weakness, and depression.

Looking towards the future, cardio-oncology rehabilitation is poised to undergo significant advancements, driven by innovations in personalized medicine, digital health technologies, and precision exercise interventions. With the advent of genomic profiling, it may be possible to identify patients at higher risk of cardiovascular complications from cancer treatment and tailor exercise programs to their specific genetic profile. Wearable devices and mobile health applications can enable real-time monitoring of patients' cardiovascular health and provide personalized feedback and coaching to optimize exercise adherence and effectiveness.

Furthermore, adaptive exercise interventions, utilizing artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms, may allow for dynamic adjustments to exercise programs based on individual patient responses and outcomes. This personalized approach to exercise prescription and programming holds great promise for optimizing cardiovascular health outcomes in cancer survivors.

In conclusion, cardio-oncology rehabilitation is an essential component of comprehensive cancer care, with exercise prescription and programming playing a central role in managing cardiovascular health in cancer patients. While present efforts focus on tailoring exercise programs to individual patient needs and mitigating cardiovascular risks, the future of cardio-oncology rehabilitation lies in personalized medicine, digital health technologies, and precision exercise interventions aimed at optimizing outcomes and enhancing quality of life for cancer survivors.
Source:Saveetha College of Physiotherapy, SIMATS.
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