Handling & administration of cytotoxic medications by Health care workers
HCW Volume 2: Cytotoxic drugs its handling & administration by healthcare workers.
By: atmavallabh foundation
Cytotoxic drugs have been used, prescribed and administered for a variety of conditions. Health care personnel have the potential for exposure during drug reconstitution, preparation, administration, the disposal of waste medicine and equipment and the disposal of patient bodily fluids and waste.
Cytotoxic Direct exposure can occur during administration or handling, and can be the result of inhalation, ingestion or absorption. The health risk of any procedure involving cytotoxic and/or cytostatic drugs stems from the inherent toxicity of the drug and the extent to which health care workers and patients are exposed.
All staff involved in the handling of cytotoxic drugs should attend a training session on the handling of cytotoxic drugs and on the management of cytotoxic spillages as part of their orientation and yearly update.
Acute exposure generally causes transient symptoms such as headache, nausea, dizziness, rash, skin and mucous membrane irritation, and eye or throat irritation. However, repeated exposure to chemotherapeutic agents is especially dangerous. Chemotherapy drugs are carcinogenic, mutagenic (induces or increases genetic mutations), and/or teratogenic (causes malformations in developing embryos). They can cause organ toxicity, including damage to a woman's reproductive system.
Source:Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses. Chapter 41Preventing Health Care-Associated Infections-Amy S. Collins.
Great Ormond Street Hospital- Cytotoxic and cytostatic medication - safe handling and administration.
Atma Vallabh Medical and Educational Trust ( Foundation ) has made arrangements to Supply Anti Cancer Drugs on Prescription only and the Patients can obtain the Medicines by calling following numbers in various cities :
1.Bangalore - 080 4083 6666 2.Mumbai-
3.Hyderabad - 040 6452 2296 4.New Delhi - 011 2326 2750
5.Pune - 020 2615 0150 6.Kolkata -033 4061 2273
7. Ahmedabad - 079 2676 8949 8.Chennai - 044 2474 6301
9.Cochin - 0484 2597 107 10. Jaipur -0141 4029 949
11.Vijayawada - 90141 39399 12.Bhubaneswar - 75049 86190
13.Chandigarh -0172 519 5000 14.Indore - 0731 4036 662