The Truth About The Pre-Sentence Investigation Report (PSI/PSR)

"The importance of the PSI cannot be overstated. It follows the defendant throughout his entire federal prison incarceration. Anyone thinking the PSI is impartial, fair, and provides an accurate unbiased account of the defendant is grossly mistaken."
By: Michael Frantz, Director of JailTime Consulting
June 13, 2009 - PRLog -- The Pre-Sentence Investigation (PSI) and the subsequent Pre-Sentence Investigation Report (PSR) is without a doubt the most dominant and definitive document used by the Court in determining a defendant’s federal prison sentence,said Michael Frantz at a recent American Bar Association meeting. The PSI is the defendant’s Bible, his life history as seen through the eyes of the probation officer authoring the report in concert with the Assistant United States Attorney, AUSA, prosecuting the case. Besides being instrumental in determining his federal prison sentence, the PSI is vitally important with respect to BOP federal prison designation, security level, custody level, work assignments, bunk assignments, furlough eligibility, restitution issues, community custody placement, inmate quality of life enhancements, ability to self-surrender, and admission into the 500-Hour Residential Drug Abuse Program to name just a few. These are the very issues that each federal defendant must be vitally concerned about. The importance of the PSI cannot be overstated. It follows the defendant throughout his whole period of federal prison incarceration. Anyone who thinks the PSI is impartial, fair, and provides an accurate unbiased accounting of the defendant is grossly mistaken.

The Pre-Sentence Investigation Report is written by a Probation Officer working for the Federal Government. How can a defendant expect to get a fair and unbiased report?  The PSI is often slanted against the defendant in favor of the government and the prosecution. It is not only the obligation of the defendant and his attorney to make sure that any mistakes, inaccuracies, and untruths are corrected, it is their duty. All of these corrections must be completed prior to the PSI’s final submission to the Court and the Bureau of Prisons. Unfortunately, many attorneys do not take the time and provide the scrutiny necessary to fully correct a defendant’s PSI. This may have far-reaching undesirable effects on the defendant’s length of sentence, program eligibility, facility designation, security level, eligibility to self-surrender, and so many other factors that an inmate faces every day in federal prison.

The solution to this dilemma is for the defendant to hire someone who is very knowledgeable in Federal Prison issues, programs, policies, procedures, and who has actually experienced life in a federal prison. The defendant should hire someone who has actually gone through the whole process. This is someone who knows the “ins” and “outs” of the federal prison system. The solution is to hire a competent, experienced, and knowledgeable Federal Prison Consultant. A competent Federal Prison Consultant will prepare the defendant for the all important Pre-Sentencing Investigation Interview and even accompany him if his attorney cannot. It is vitally important that the defendant does not go alone to this interview.

The defendant must be knowledgeable, honest, have a complete control of the facts, and not leave out any required information. The Probation Officer will ask for personal information including the defendant’s full name, aliases, social security number, date of birth, current and previous addresses, family history, medical history, educational history, degrees earned, schools attended and educational associations. He will ask about his professional associations, civic life history, civic organizations, physical and mental well being and substance abuse history detailing drug and alcohol use. He will ask about his current offense and will verify everything that he is told. He will investigate any previous criminal history, DUI's, and even speeding tickets. He will investigate family relationships by talking to the defendant’s sons, daughters, spouse, mother, and father. He will review relationships with therapists, clergy, professional and financial associates, and friends. He will want current financial information including all assets, bank and savings accounts, brokerage accounts, property owned, cars driven, IRA's, 401-K's, business ownership information, and business partners among other things.

A good Federal Prison Consultant, such as Michael Frantz of Jail Time Consulting, knows the type and extent of information that the probation officer asks and requires in writing the PSR. It is always the same. Every PSI interview, regardless of the federal district in which it is conducted, follows a very similar pattern and direction. The information requested is always the same. Jail Time Consulting prepares their clients for this all important interview. They know what will be asked and they prepare their clients for those questions. The information that is given to the U.S. Probation Officer must be complete, truthful, and factual. Knowing in advance the questions you will be asked allows you to prepare complete, truthful, and factual answers. There are no surprises.

Jail Time Consulting prepares a series of Info-Sheets© based on questionnaires and information supplied by the client and in conversations with the client. These Info-Sheets© are instrumental in providing the correct and complete information in preparation for this interview.

The anticipated goal is to have the client never say a word in his PSI interview. When the Probation Officer asks about the client’s Education and Vocational Skills, we hand the Probation Officer an Info-Sheet© detailing this information. It is not only totally complete but also contains a copy of the client’s high school diploma, college degrees, copies of transcripts, and any other documentation normally requested. When the client is asked about his Employment Record, we hand the Probation Officer an Info-Sheet© detailing our clients complete employment history including names, addresses, and telephone numbers. When the client is asked for a Financial Report, we hand the Probation Officer a complete financial report detailing all the requested information. The defendant, by minimizing his verbal communication and utilizing written, documented Info-Sheets© cannot be misunderstood and misconstrued.

Michael Frantz ended by saying, Life in a federal prison is hard enough. There is no reason to make it harder by allowing an inaccurate, incomplete, biased, and slanted Pre-Sentence Investigation Report to be submitted to the Sentencing Judge and the Bureau of Prisons.

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Michael Frantz is a leading Federal Prison Consultant with Jail Time Consulting (JTC) in South Florida. The staff of JTC provides sentence reduction strategies, research, and many pre- and post-sentencing services for their clients. Michael has authored a bestselling book on federal prison titled, “Jail Time, What you need to know…Before you go to federal prison!” He has also authored over thirty-five JT Special Reports© on various federal prison issues affecting both the inmate and his/her family. They are available on the website. He writes a daily blog on the JTC website answering readers’ questions and comments. He is a nationally recognized authority on federal prison and has published over 40 articles nationwide. He has been contacted by ABC’s 20/20, the Oprah Winfrey network, the Fox News Network, as well as many radio and TV stations nationwide. He can be reached at 954-522-2254, 800-804-4686, or at
Source:Michael Frantz, Director of JailTime Consulting
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Tags:Psi, Pre-sentence Investigation, Psr, Sentencing Report, Federal Prison Consultant, Info-sheets, Probation Officer
Industry:Legal, Criminal law, Federal prison consultant
Location:Seminole - Florida - United States
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Page Updated Last on: Aug 15, 2011
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