- Oct. 15, 2021
-- The development and operating history of the first Soviet strategic jet bomber are chronicled in this book. It tells the account of how the 3M was repurposed as the VM-T Atlant outsize freight transporter to transport components of the Energiya/Buran space transport system.
When the Myasishchev design bureau was revived in 1951, it was immediately involved in developing a high-speed strategic bomber to counteract NATO's heavy bombers, particularly the B-52. The new four-turbojet bomber, designated M-4 and code-named "Bison" by NATO, was developed in an incredibly short amount of time—just one year. It included numerous novel innovations, such as bicycle landing gear, and was built around the most powerful jet engine available at the time. It developed a small family of bombers and refueling tankers, including the vastly upgraded 3M and its variants. Many of the planned variants were never completed, and the Bison had its share of issues, but it came at the right time, providing a valuable nuclear deterrent, and continued in service for 40 years until it was deactivated in accordance with the START Treaty.
Yefim Gordon was born in Lithuania (then part of the Soviet Union) in 1950 and graduated from Kaunas Polytechnic Institute in 1972. He has spent more than 40 years researching Soviet and Russian aviation history and has one of the world's largest photo/document archives on the subject. Dmitriy Komissarov has written two books about Soviet and Russian airplanes, as well as translating or co-authoring more than 80 others. He has also written numerous magazine stories about Soviet and Russian aviation in both Russian and English.
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