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Portion Control Tool to Benefit Diabetics
New meal and snack measuring tool, PortionMate, helps diabetics measure perfect portions of carbohydrates and proteins directly on to a plate or bowl.
By: PortionMate Inc.
There is an epidemic of diabetes in the United States today, where 25.8 million Americans have the disease and another 79 million Americans are pre-diabetic, and at risk for the disease. There is a particularly high incidence of diabetes among Asian Americans, Hispanic Americans, Native Americans, and Black Americans. The highest incidence of diabetes is seen in black males over 60 years old.
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder which interferes with ability of the body cells to metabolize glucose properly. Glucose is used by every cell in the human body to produce energy, which is necessary for the cell to grow, repair itself, and reproduce. The hormone, insulin, which is made by beta cells in the pancreases gland, is necessary for glucose metabolism. Insulin is recognized by insulin receptors on the surface of cells, attaches to the receptors, and allows glucose to enter the cell, where it is metabolized. Diabetes is a condition in which the pancreases either does not make enough insulin, or does not use the insulin that it makes effectively.
There are three types of diabetes, which are type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, and gestational diabetes. People diagnosed with type 1 diabetes are usually underweight. Type 1 diabetes affects children and young adults. The onset of type 1 diabetes is rapid and can make the affected person very sick. Common symptoms of type 1 diabetes include unusual thirst, weight loss, frequent urination, and fatigue, and may include other symptoms, such as stomach pain, weakness, blurred vision and dizziness.
People diagnosed with type 2 diabetes are usually overweight and physically inactive. Type 2 diabetes appears most often in people over 40 years of age, however, it is being increasingly seen in younger people. Common symptoms of type 2 diabetes include unusual thirst, weight loss, frequent urination, frequent skin infections, blurred vision and fatigue. Type 2 diabetes begins as insulin resistance which eventually leads to diabetes. The key to preventing type 2 diabetes is through diet, exercise and weight management. Gestational diabetes is a condition of high blood glucose, seen in women who have never had the problem before. This type of diabetes appears in a woman who is pregnant and disappears after the woman gives birth.
Scientists now know that type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the antibodies in a person mistake the normal beta cells in the pancreas for foreign invaders and destroy them. Diabetes results when most of the beta cells are destroyed and can no longer produce insulin. Type 1 diabetics are treated with insulin injections to replace the needed hormone.
Type 2 diabetes is not an autoimmune disease and is caused by insulin resistance, which eventually leads to diabetes. Type 2 diabetics may have enough insulin, but their body may not be able to use the insulin effectively. Type 2 diabetics control the disease by eating a low carbohydrate diet combined with exercise to reach a healthy weight. Type 2 diabetics may need insulin or other medications to return their blood glucose levels to a normal range. There is no cure for diabetes.
The good news is that type 1 and type 2 diabetics can control their blood sugar levels and live a healthy normal life. Even better news is that type 2 diabetes can be prevented by eating the right foods in the right amounts, exercising, and maintaining a healthy weight. Healthy foods include plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, beans, nuts and seeds, lean meats or meat substitutes, and low fat dairy products. Portion control, of course, is also very important.
For more information on diabetes and healthy eating, please visit PortionMate at www.portionmate.com