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Managing people according to their personalities
Employees are any business’ most important assets – they are the human resources that create products, provide services and keep the business going.
By: Jasmita at GetSmarter
There is no cookie-cutter way of determining people’s personalities;
The amount and type of structure that an employee has in their day-to-day work is one of the biggest considerations for managers. The scale ranges from those who want no guidance at all to those who enjoy being micro-managed (though most fall closer to the centre of the spectrum).
The former group – workers who are independent, responsible and good at managing their time – usually don’t appreciate a lot of top-down structure and rigidness, since they cannot produce their best work at the optimal time. They thrive in a position and work environment that are in constant flux and tend not to appreciate rigid deadlines, though they do hold goals in high regard.
Employees at the other extreme prefer to have every half-hour mapped out to make sure they stay on schedule; leaving them to their own devices would result in anxiety, time wastage and ineffective prioritisation. They want stability, clear expectations and deadlines.
Assigning responsibilities is another key factor to consider. Some people love to be in charge: though they aren’t managers, they want complete ownership over their projects, are happy to delegate work, enjoy following up with contacts and want a big stake in making decisions – and they’re usually willing to take the pressure this entails. These “leaders” chafe under too many rules, structures and layers of authority.
The contrast to this is those employees who don’t want to be responsible for anything at all, and don’t enjoy making decisions. These meeker types become anxious when they must take the blame (or credit) for a choice that they made, and are quite happy to be followers who get on with the work assigned to them from above.
Discerning what somebody wants to get out of their job, and what drives them to perform and succeed, is challenging. People can be driven by money, power, recognition, status, desire for approval or simply sheer enthusiasm for the work. Some people simply want to get by and earn a comfortable salary, while others are driven to achieve ever more through hard work or strategic thinking. Few people are driven purely by the desire for more money; once they earn a comfortable living, other factors such as job satisfaction and acknowledgement take precedence. A good manager will discover what a person enjoys doing and what goals they strive for, and will seek a way to integrate these two elements.
Individuals on their own are tricky to manage, but groups of people bring up whole new sets of challenges. Some employees are outgoing “people-persons”
Other employees are shy, reluctant, introverted and private. Since there is no way to completely eliminate team or interpersonal work, these employees should feel that they are accepted into the group even if they do not contribute as loudly or as often as others, and should not be put on the spot (for example, by being made to deliver a presentation to a big group).
Finally, consider how the team members handle conflict and stress. Some may handle criticism, mistakes and disagreements well, without taking anything personally or feeling attacked. Others are more sensitive and may feel defensive or offended if they are called out or challenged. Handle conflict and problems with sensitivity and always remember that people have faults and make mistakes; it’s only human.
The part-time University of Cape Town Effective People Management short course is presented online throughout South Africa and starts on 26 September 2011. Visit www.getsmarter.co.za for more information.
This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution license.
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GetSmarter is a high-touch online education company that works together with top universities and industry experts to present courses throughout South Africa.