Does your EMS-ED Handoff Process Need a Hand?

By: GD Telehealth Solutions
RIDGEFIELD PARK, N.J. - Jan. 24, 2020 - PRLog -- Patient handoffs of care continue to present challenges and risk to hospitals.  In fact, according to the Joint Commission Center for Transforming Healthcare, "An estimated 80 percent of serious medical errors involve miscommunication between caregivers when responsibility for patients is transferred or handed off". For patients brought to the hospital by ambulance, care actually begins with "first medical contact" by Emergency Medical Services, which adds additional layers to the handoff issue.  From the time the 911 call is placed to the time the patient is treated by a physician or specialist team, information has changed hands at least four times. Each handoff compounds a very large margin for error. Just like playing Telephone as a child, it was different than the original message. Well, in a life or death situation, there's nothing hilarious about inaccurate or missing information.

Let's examine the chain of care-related information. A call is made to 911- a brief background of the patient's emergency and situation are given to the dispatcher, who passes that info. along to the EMS ambulance responding. First responder paramedics and EMTs arrive at the scene, assess the patient, obtain a history and initiate care.  They gather additional data and vitals, select the destination hospital and prepare for transport. At some point EMS either consults with a hospital-based nurse or physician for medical direction, or simply calls or radios in a summary as a notification to the receiving emergency department.  This patient report is passed to other ED staff in advance of the ambulance arrival. That's handoff number three already and the patient has not yet arrived.  Upon arrival, the patient is handed off to waiting nursing staff, who collect a rehash of the care summary from EMS before they leave. As ED providers take over patient care, nurses pass all of this data to arriving physicians, usually reiterated verbally or via jotted notes- from which treatment ensues.

Was it a bit tricky to follow all of that? Seems pretty easy for details to get lost in translation, doesn't it? This is not a new issue, which is why the handoff between EMS and the ED is termed "a critical moment in patient care" in a recent NAEMSP blog ( With today's emphasis on patient outcomes and reducing cost and risk, the use of Mobile Telemedicine, HIPAA secure notifications and digital forms are viable, cost-effective tools to drastically reduce that error percentage. Which brings us back to the question. Does your EMS-ED handoff process need a hand?

Learn how GD helps 500+ hospitals and EMS solve needs and answer questions like this one at

Alessia Fiorello
Source:GD Telehealth Solutions
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Location:Ridgefield Park - New Jersey - United States
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