A World First in Reduced Card Processing Fees
What does the inter-regional interchange fee rate picture look like today and where is it moving to?
Since 2015, domestic and intra-regional consumer card interchange rates within Europe have been driven down significantly. Although the end result of these fee reductions should have been passed through from merchants to customers, it is not clear how or if this has occurred. Recent Payment Systems Regulator (PSR) attention and their UK industry consultation has shown that the merchant service charge (MSC) also contains many other scheme fees, acquirer fees and margins.
And let's not forget the myriad of other organisations in the transaction processing flow, providing their services and expecting their fees.
European regulatory attention and merchant concerns should not be a surprise. Not when typical consumer card interchange rates within Europe are now at just 0.20% (debit) and 0.30% (credit) – where they are 1.20% and up to 1.97% for equivalent inter-regional POS transactions in Europe.
Most merchants in Europe, have more domestic card payments than other European card payments; and only lastly non-EU card payments. On this basis, most European merchants, do not experience or notice the impact of accepting cards issued outside of Europe.
However, for many European merchants with lots of international customers, their cost of accepting cards is exaggerated by these disproportionately higher inter-regional interchange fees.
The wide gap between domestic and intra-Europe interchange costs and those for inter-regional transactions makes us ask what the different costs are for processing these transactions, i.e. are there really any greater risks or costs involved with the inter-regional transactions?
Based on the rhetoric use by the European Commission, Visa and Mastercard strangely, did not fight for the status quo, so quickly led to the agreement of new and reduced fees.
So what does the inter-regional interchange fee rate picture look like today and where is it moving to?
The European Commission argued that this reduction: "will lead to lower prices for European retailers to do business, ultimately to the benefit of all consumers".
For those merchants with higher card acceptance from outside of Europe, the European Commission believe that the cost savings could be 40%.
The European Commission decision does not raise important further questions about other payment scenarios:
a) Now that the parties have agreed lower inter-regional interchange rates, when will these revised fees come into force?
The European Commission states: "Under the commitments, Mastercard and Visa each undertake to reduce the current level of inter-regional interchange fees to or below the following binding caps, within six months:"
NB: the scheme commitments will apply for five years and six months from the above date.
But when does this six-month period begin?
The date from the which the European Commission made the scheme commitments legally binding under EU antitrust rules, or
Is it from the date communicated by each scheme to its respective client issuers and acquirers?
Or as reported by the BBC UK website on 29th April 2019, i.e. on 19th October 2019 for five years.
Scheme updates posted following the European Commission press release confirm that the effective date for the inter-regional interchange alterations is indeed 19th October 2019.
b) What about inter-regional debit and credit cards in mail order and telephone order (MO/TO) in Europe?
The European Commission only refer to online payments. Can we assume that MO/TO transactions, though not specifically mentioned, are included in the European Commission definition of Card Not Present transactions?
Scheme updates posted following the European Commission press release confirm that Card Not Present transactions are all transactions other than card present transactions, so MO/TO transactions are included in the planned fee reduction.
c) A trustee will be appointed by the Commission to monitor the implementation of the commitments. Who will be monitored?
Will they monitor Visa and Mastercard and whether they enforce the fee reductions in line with the agreement?
Or will they monitor individual merchant acquirers and their agents to see if they deploy lower pricing within the agreed timeframe?
Or will they monitor individual merchants to see if the lower costs lead to lower consumer prices?
d) How will EU card issuers justify and defend their continued receipt of higher interchange rates for card usage outside of Europe – i.e. the reverse of this agreement?
Will similar regulatory and merchant pressure outside of Europe lead to reduced interchange fee costs elsewhere and therefor reduced income for European issuers for non-EU based transactions?
As with previous interchange fee rate reductions, we should expect unexpected and unintended consequences?
e) If a South African-issued card accepted in Europe incurs the new lower interchange rate, what does that mean for the same card accepted in Australia or the US?
This is not a matter for the European Commission, but clearly, they will provide essential guidance and advice to other national payments and competition regulators around the globe to challenge Mastercard and Visa further.
To continue reading click https://www.thepaypers.com/
With over 25 years in the payments business, Kevin is a trusted and experienced practitioner and thought leader in payments, technology, issuance, acceptance and acquiring. For further information, please contact: Bill Trueman or Kevin Smith at http://www.riskskill.com/
Page Updated Last on: May 09, 2019