US Food and Drug Administration Publishes Standards for Infant Formula
On 10 February 2014 the United States Food and Drug Administration (US FDA) published their interim final rule on Current Good Manufacturing Practices (cGMPs), Quality Factors, Notification Requirements, and Records and Reports, for Infant Formula.
Current Good Manufacturing Practices and Quality Control Procedures to Prevent Adulteration of Infant Formula
- One of the cGMPs being required is controls to prevent adulteration by contamination of infant formula from microorganisms requiring testing of powdered infant formula at the final stage for Cronobacter and Salmonella species. Other requirements involve a code that identifies the location of packing and tracing of all stages of the manufacturing process, approved release of finished products and controls to prevent adulteration by contamination during manufacturing or packing from many sources.
- Quality control procedures are revised to require in-process and final product testing to ensure that all required and added nutrients are present and at appropriate levels. For example, the finished product, before distribution shall be tested for vitamin A, C, E and thiamin.
- Requirements to conduct regularly scheduled audits to determine cGMP and quality control procedure compliance are established.
- The US FDA established two quality factors, the manufacturer is to conduct a growth monitoring study of the formula and conduct a Protein Efficiency Ratio rat bioassay to establish biological protein quality.
- There is a registration requirement kslu to provide the US FDA information about the firms producing infant formulas for US distribution. Requirements to provide scientific data and information to the US FDA to demonstrate a new infant formula contains all the required nutrients and meets or the requirements of the rule.
- Records and report requirements are included to support the requirements as listed in this rule such as the microbiological testing requirements.
Comments may be submitted until 27 March 2014 and this rule will become effective 10 July 2014.
(1) Current Good Manufacturing Practices, Quality Control Procedures, Quality Factors, Notification Requirements, and Records and Reports, for Infant Formula(https://www.federalregister.gov/
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