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Carbon Neutrality for Nations – an achievable goal?
Carbon neutrality is an essential weapon in the fight against climate change. Individuals, businesses and industries are trying to achieve this goal but is nationwide carbon neutrality achievable?
"Here's the big goal, which I am personally declaring for the first time tonight. By 2021, Costa Rica's 200th birthday, we will be a carbon neutral country," President Oscar Arias said. So Costa Rica is serious but how realistic is this lofty goal?
Costa Rica is an international leader on green issues, with protected areas like national parks and biological reserves covering more than a quarter of its territory. Renewable energy powers 95 percent of country’s requirements.
Costa Rica’s energy mix is led by 75–80% hydropower , 12% geothermal, 12% wind power and 3%–5% non renewable oil. The workhorse hydro is a mix of storage and run of river, with storage accounting for about 50% of the capacity.
Costa Rica is working hard in developing its geothermal power and of course the country is blessed with many geothermal power advantages - active volcanoes and hot springs. In Costa Rica’s case, high temperature wells (150 to 400 degrees Celsius) are used, but geothermal power can also come from medium and low temperature wells.
Endowed with fantastic natural resources for geothermal power, the governmental Costa Rican Institute of Electricity (ICE) has dedicated significant resources to its further development. There are two geothermal plants scheduled to become operational in 2011. Geothermal power has the advantages of cost and of course it is not weather dependent.
Costa Rica also has worked hard to maintain its rightly deserved reputation as an eco-friendly tourist destination and this approach has paid off, with tourism, especially eco-tourism, accounting for almost 10% of 2007 GDP and more than 13% of total employment. Tourism is a greater contributor to the country’s GDP than for virtually any other country in the region and is worth US€1.9 billion to the Costa Rican economy.
The buzzword in Costa Rica is sustainable development and this is being undertaken at all levels and the concept has increasingly entered the consciousness of the average Tico as Costa Rican citizens refer to themselves.
Costa Rica carbon neutral by 2021, a lofty goal but certainly achievable.
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Costa Rica Invest specialises in enironmentally friendly, ethically responsible, high yield investments, primarily in Costa Rica. Di Pacifico Dos is Costa Rica Invests current project investing in development land with the added value of teak trees.