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New Kenya cement industry study: Full steam ahead by 2017
Kenyan cement companies hit the brakes in 2012 when the industry reached the lowest growth rate in the last ten years.
By: CW Group
According to the CW Group, “Kenya took a turn for the better in March 2013. The turning factor was materially driven by a non-violent outcome of the presidential election process held on March 4, 2013. Given the peaceful conclusion of the election, stalled investments are expected to ramp up and reach their full implementation during the second half of the year and onwards. The government has set aside consistent funds for infrastructure, energy and social programs, while residential consumption is also expected to lift the low cement consumption per capita of the country.”
In 2005, the cement demand in Kenya was at a mere 1.6 million tons. Since then, the market registered impressive growth, closing 2012 at almost 4 million tons in cement consumption. But the industry is not without concerns: Kenya is still dependent on large clinker imports, with over 1.2 million tons imported in 2012 mostly from China. The dependency on clinker imports is expected to continue as efforts targeted toward capacity expansion are mostly focused on cement grinding.
Along with the entrance of the seventh cement company in the Kenyan cement market at the end of 2014, three other cement companies are expanding their cement capacities: EAPCC, National Cement and Mombasa Cement. Their combined efforts are estimated to place the national nameplate cement capacity over 11.1 million tons by the end of 2017. Capacity expansions across the East Africa region add additional competitive pressure as do perennial fuel sourcing issues for clinker producers in the country.
But fundamentally, Kenya benefits from a favorable combination of economic strengths and opportunities, which assists the country in meeting the ambitious objectives detailed in the Kenya Vision 2030 program. Moreover, Kenyan cement companies provide a stable environment for domestic consumers as the market continues to be self-sufficient.
The CW Group analysts note that “the availability of quality limestone reserves in Kenya provides its cement companies an important competitive advantage, as most of the regional markets are lacking sufficient raw materials. However, environmental concerns and the resistance of local residents continue slowing down the process. Access to clinker will remain a key differentiator for the coming five-year period when it comes to product pricing and margins.” The expected inception of coal mining in Kenya can also bring some relief for cement companies against inflating fuel costs.
The “2013 CW Group Kenya Market Update report” (published 04/2013, 41 pages) is available for $1,710 from the CW Group. For further detail contact firstname.lastname@example.org or visit our website for a complete table of contents, including a competitive dynamics analysis enriched with a SWOT perspective, complemented by cement consumption and nameplate capacity projections up to 2017.