Paediatric cardiac surgery in India (http://www.indicure.com.ng/
The main congenital defects and their treatment in India:
Atrial Septal Defect – A hole in the septum separating the right and left atrium is referred to as Atrial Septal Defect or ASD. There is mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood because of this hole in the septum of the heart. The symptoms arising as a result of the defect may range from bluish discoloration of the body, shortness of breath, symptoms of congestive heart failure etc.
The surgeries commonly done to treat ASD are:
· Surgical closure of Atrial Septal Defects
· Transcatheter closure of Atrial Septal Defects.
Ventricular Septal Defect – VSD is a congenital defect in which there is a hole between right and left ventricles of the heart. Due to this hole, there is mixing of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood and the blood from right ventricle flows back in to the lungs. This makes right and left ventricles to work harder and pump more volume of blood than normal. Due to the increased load on left ventricle, it fails to pump blood effectively than normal in due course of time.
The most commonly done surgeries in Ventricular Septal defect are – Intra-Cardiac technique and Trans-Catheter Technique
Fallot's Tetralogy – Fallot’
· Total Corrective surgery
· Blalock’s – Taussig’s operation
Valvular Defects – There are present mitral valve and aortic valve that allow unidirectional flow of blood. The patency of the valves is important for the blood to flow normally through the heart. When the valves get narrowed, the blood passing through the valves also gets reduced due to which the heart pumps blood harder to push through narrowed valves. There arise symptoms such as lung congestion and reduced oxygen supply to all the body parts because of narrowing of the valves.
Double valve repair and replacement is the procedure of correcting and replacing the damaged valves with new functional valves. The procedure is done through an open heart surgery.
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