To guard against damp, especially in those areas with lots of rainfalls, each new building should ideally be damp proofed while they are being constructed. This may be done by installing the appropriate air ventilation systems within the building’s interiors or by using a damp proof course and membrane with the building, and/or by waterproofing the building’s basement walls and floors etc.
A damp proof course may be used between the ground and the walls of a building, while a damp proof membrane can be used on the solid floors of buildings. Both the course and the membrane are barriers that could prevent water or moisture from getting into a building. Existing buildings may be damp proofed as a precautionary measure against damp, by ensuring that these solutions are adequately installed, fixed or fitted for them too.
To damp proof an existing property or building that may already have some damp related problems or issues however, the cause of the building’s dampness will need to be determined before any type of damp proofing treatments or solutions can be applied on it. The source of the water or moisture that is responsible for the building’s dampness will need to be dealt with, any effect of the dampness on the building and its structure will also need to be corrected, after which some water and moisture prevention/resistant solution or method, would then be applied on the building.
Condensation related problems or issues may be resolved by allowing enough or sufficient air flow or ventilation within a building while performing any moisture intensive task or function, condensation may also be dealt with by installing some air ventilation systems, dehumidifiers and by using some paint additives etc. Penetrating damp may be corrected by repairing some roof leaks, damaged water or pipe lines/systems, gutters and by doing some plumbing works etc, a lot will depend on the source of the penetrating dampness.
Some rising damp solutions too may include the injection and use of some water-resistant chemical solution or cream with the walls of a building. The solution or cream is typically injected into a building’s walls by drilling some holes in the walls. Other solutions include the electro-osmotic system that makes use of wires, land drainage etc.
In addition to damp proofing a property or building, each property owner or occupant will also need to maintain and inspect their properties or buildings on a regular basis, in order to detect all forms of dampness that may still occur, early enough to deal with them quickly.
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