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4th Law Of Newtonian Motion - Described

Summary: Description of Newtonian Mechanics is incomplete without description of 4th Law of Newtonian Motion and hence the same has been defined.

Optimized-Dr Mahesh C. Jain PR photo
Optimized-Dr Mahesh C. Jain PR photo
Dec. 3, 2012 - PRLog -- Until widespread recognition of Einstein’s Theory of Relativity in on November 7, 1919 it was generally believed that Newtonian mechanics was sufficient to explain Natural Phenomena. The headlines in London Times on Nov 7, 1919 were: “Revolution in Science. Newtonian Ideas Overthrown.” Newtonian Mechanics begins with assumption of existence of a body in motion with no forces acting upon it. However, it has not been generally appreciated that there can’t be a body in Newtonian Motion upon which forces of one or the other kind are not acting. These forces, in the least, invariably lead to decay or dissipation of energy. Hence the need to define another law of Newtonian Motion which states as under:-

“Newtonian Motion is invariably associated with dissipation of Energy”

This statement is designated as 4th Law of Newtonian Motion.

4th Law of Newtonian Motion recognizes that Newtonian Mechanics is not a comprehensive description of phenomenon of motion. There are not only unrecognized aspects of Newtonian Motion but there also exist Non- Newtonian motions such as Perpetual Motion, Rheopaxy, Thixotropy etc. These non- Newtonian motions have not been clearly differentiated against Newtonian Motion.

Natural phenomena leading to formulation of 4th Law of Newtonian Motion are well recognized such as friction, viscous drag, entropy etc. and need no further elaboration. However the distinction between Perpetual Motion and Newtonian Motion needs to be clearly understood as the former is the kind of motion responsible for large scale structuring of universe. Please read author’s article about Perpetual Motion.

Gas molecules within a Hydrogen gas cylinder being perpetually in Brownian motion travel at a root mean square speed of 6624 Km/hr but do not suffer any dissipation of their energy but the moment they are made to move along a pressure gradient by letting them through a small opening, despite travelling at much smaller speed, Newtonian motion comes into play and is associated with well known cooling effect due to dissipation of energy. This phenomenon is the basis of all refrigeration devices. Hence one can clearly notice distinction between Perpetual Motion and Newtonian Motion.

Effects of 4th Law of Newtonian Motion on theoretical physics:-

1.     Newtonian motion is not a comprehensive description of phenomena of motion.

2.     Statements of Newton’s laws suffer from inherent contradiction, being valid only if there is no decay of energy whereas Newtonian motion is inherently associated with decay of energy.

3.     The concepts such as absolute rest, absolute frame of reference and absolute space are naturally invalid.

4.     Newtonian Mechanics should not be taken as anything more than a scheme for computation of some of the motions we commonly see around us.

5.     Newtonian mechanics alone shall never provide us comprehensive explanation of natural phenomena.

An interesting consequence of 4th Law of Newtonian Motion in nature is in maintenance of surface temperature of Earth and may be other celestial bodies.  Winds and sea waves are important means for Earth to dissipate the energy it ordinarily receives from Sun, in order to keep its surface temperature. Accumulation of large amount of energy, Earth ordinarily receives from sun shall otherwise lead to global warming and elimination of all life on Earth. May be that without efficient dissipation of energy Earth ordinarily receives from Sun; origin of life on Earth would have been impossible.

P.S.  Please search and LIKE Facebook page “Encounter of Science With Philosophy – A Synthetic View”

Author: Dr Mahesh C. Jain is a practicing medical doctor and has written the book “Encounter of Science with Philosophy – A synthetic view”. The book begins with first chapter devoted to scientifically valid concept of God and then explains cosmic phenomena right from origin of nature and universe up to origin of life and evolution of man. The book includes several chapters devoted to auxiliary concepts and social sciences as corollaries to the concept of God. This is the only book which deals with origin of nature and universe from null or Zero or nothing.  22nd Chapter of the book is about NEWTONIAN MECHANICS.



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Tags:Newton, Newtonian motion, Newtonian Mechanics, Perpetual Motion, Theoretical Physics
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