The archaeological site of Gordian becomes Türkiye's 20th historical heritage listed on the UNESCO World Heritage List
The archaeological site of Gordion in Ankara, the capital of Türkiye, was added to "UNESCO's World Heritage List" at the Extended 45th session of the UNESCO World Heritage Committee in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. On September 18, Gordion has been registered as the 20th heritage site included in the list from Türkiye.
By: Turkish Tourism
Gordion: A Rare Site Experiencing Continuous Settlement
Located in the Polatlı district of Ankara, is a remarkable testament to the rich tapestry of civilisations that have left their mark in the Anatolian lands.
Settlement at the site of Gordion bears evidence from the Early Bronze Age (around 2500 BCE), in the nearby mound of Yassıhöyük, which lies adjacent to the site. The uninterrupted human habitation in and around the ancient city for 4,500 years places Gordion among the rare areas in the world with the longest history of continuous settlement. The site's attractiveness for various civilisations can be attributed to several factors, including its strategic position along significant trade routes throughout Anatolia, the ample water supply derived from the Sangarios (present-day Sakarya) River, and extensive fertile lands suitable for agriculture.
A Glimpse into the History of Gordion
Gordion is best known as Phrygia's political and cultural capital, which rose with the collapse of the Hittite Empire in the 12th century BCE. Therefore, it is a critical site to gain an insight into this civilisation. The Phrygians settled in a broad region in Anatolian lands, covering the present-day provinces of Ankara, Afyonkarahisar, Eskişehir and Kütahya. The Phrygian Valley is a vast landscape unlike any other worldwide, with rock fragments and ancient ruins bearing traces of the Phrygian civilisation.
Monumental structures of the Phrygian period have left the most significant mark on the landscape at Gordion. The buildings of its Early Phrygian citadel and the burial mounds of the city's rulers, even today, have the effect that was initially intended: showing the incredible power and authority of the Phrygian elite. The site was once under the reign of King Midas, cursed with the "golden touch" in mythology, during this period. The Great Tumulus, or the tomb of King Midas, in Gordion is the third largest burial mound, and the tomb chamber within it is the oldest standing wooden building in the world.
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