Wheat allergy — Symptoms, Causes & Diagnosis

JALANDHAR, India - Jan. 26, 2022 - PRLog -- Wheat allergy, what was once considered a disease of the West, has crept into India very fast so much so that it has been termed an 'impending epidemic in India' in an article published in Indian Journal of Medical Research (IJMR). This disease is not just affecting pediatric patients but adults too.

What is Celiac disease?

Celiac disease (gluten-sensitive enteropathy), sometimes also called sprue or coeliac, is an immune reaction to eating gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley, rye and sometimes oats.

If you have celiac disease, eating gluten triggers an immune response in your small intestine. Over time, this reaction damages your small intestine's lining and prevents absorption of some nutrients (malabsorption). The intestinal damage can cause diarrhea, fatigue, weight loss, bloating and anemia, and can lead to serious complications.

  • Anemia, usually resulting from iron deficiency
  • Loss of bone density (osteoporosis) or softening of bone (osteomalacia)
  • Itchy, blistery skin rash (dermatitis herpetif ormis)
  • Damage to dental enamel
  • Mouth ulcers
  • Headaches and fatigue
  • Any nervous injury, including numbness and tingling in the feet and hands, imbalance, cognitive impairment
  • Joint pain
  • Reduced functioning of the spleen (hyposplenism)
  • Acid reflux and heartburn

Probable causes of wheat allergy

When we discuss about the problem of wheat allergy, which is rising at an alarming rate today in our society, it becomes all the more important to learn the cause behind it. When we know what is causing it, we can then work on the next step of how to tackle it. Our experts at Capitol Hospital will guide you in the best manner possible in learning a bit more about Celiac disease, as it is medically termed, so that you can better equipped to deal with it and thus live with it.

Celiac disease is caused by an abnormal immune system reaction to the protein gluten, which is found in foods such as bread, pasta, cereals and biscuits. It is an autoimmune condition, where the immune system mistakes healthy cells and substances for harmful ones and produces antibodies against them (main function of antibodies is to fight off bacteria and viruses).


Timely diagnosis can save you time and trouble as you can begin you line of treatment accordingly. There are usually two blood tests to help diagnose celiac disease:
  • Serology testing looks for antibodies in your blood. Elevated levels of certain antibody proteins indicate an immune reaction to gluten.
  • Genetic testing for human leukocyte antigens of a particular kind can be used to rule out celiac disease.
Our GI experts at Capitol Hospital will educate you on the disease and how to manage it at the best level.
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