A silent pandemic: non-communicable diseases
By: OH Assessment Ltd
You may never heard of 'non-communicable diseases'. They're the biggest cause of death worldwide. The number of people they kill is growing every year. People of all ages and in every part of the world are affected.
World Health Organisation ("WHO") statistics show that non-communicable diseases ("NCDs") kill 41 million people each year, which is 71% of all deaths.
What exactly are NCDs?
NCDs are commonly called 'chronic diseases'. They last for a long period of time and often stem from a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioural factors.
The main types of NCDs are cardiovascular diseases (such as heart attacks and stroke), cancers, chronic respiratory diseases (such as asthma) and diabetes.
A growing problem
The risk of dying from NCDs can be increased by tobacco use, physical inactivity, harmful use of alcohol and unhealthy diets.
WHO statistics show that each year 4.1 million deaths are attributed to excessive salt intake. Furthermore, 1.6 million deaths are caused each year by insufficient physical activity.
Most of us know that small changes in our habits such as walking instead of driving can have a tremendous effect on our long-term health. The small gains can add up to a big difference in life expectancy.
The bigger picture
NCDs not only affect individuals they also have a huge socio-economic impact. The UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development includes a target of reducing premature deaths caused by NCDs (by one-third).
The cost in lost productivity is difficult to prove, but reducing morbidity and mortality (even by a small percentage) means most wellbeing activities will pay for themselves.
However, they can take years to make a difference rather than fitting easily into a fiscal or calendar year.
How can we prevent and control NCDs?
We can prevent NCDs by focusing on reducing the risk factors associated with the disease. That's why any wellbeing activities are a good idea.
Being more active, eating healthily and reducing any alcohol and tobacco intake are the easiest ways of preventing NCDs.
Governments also have a role in reducing risk factors. At a population level, it makes sense to invest in better NCDs management, such as detecting, screening and treating the diseases.
Targeted health campaigns
To control NCDs, integrated actions across areas that influence health are probably required.
Linking wellbeing activities to international health campaigns can make it much easier for businesses.
The World Health Organisation has a health events each year, which are definitely worth considering, if you want to take steps to reduce health risks amongst your employees.
Occupational Health Assessment Ltd provides rapid access to expert occupational health support for businesses across the United Kingdom.
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