Structural Liabilities For Apartment Buildings - Winston Rowe And Associates
Structural issues at any property can present a certain degree of financial liability and risk for current and future owners, investors, and lenders.
Looking for small signs and reversing correctable issues through proactive due diligence such as building assessments and property-condition assessments is essential to formulating informed decisions and mitigating risk.
Here are potential liabilities to consider at your current and prospective properties.
Balconies and Stairs Balconies and exterior stairs are a component of many multifamily projects but are often overlooked as a potential source of water intrusion and life-safety liabilities.
They require regular maintenance and inspection to limit the loss of structural integrity due to corrosion, wood rot, or concrete deterioration. Maintenance may also help to prevent water intrusion into the interior living spaces.
Garages Multifamily developments in densely populated or high property–value areas often include multilevel parking garages to increase the utilization of land area.
These structures include below-grade parking decks, adjacent or adjoining parking decks, and tuck-under parking. A current trend is to place living spaces around a central parking deck.
Small garages may be built with steel structural elements, while large garages are typically made with reinforced concrete. Either construction is susceptible to deterioration over time, especially due to the corrosion of steel elements that are exposed to water.
Properties in Northern climates, where residents routinely traverse roads that have been treated with brine to remove snow and ice, are especially susceptible to corrosion.
Accessibility can be a very complicated issue. Two federal laws, the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Fair Housing Amendments Act, dictate that properties built after 1991 meet accessibility guidelines.
State and municipal governments may have differing statutes, but owners who obtain financing through publicly funded lenders may be required to retrofit their property to meet current accessibility requirements.
Seismic Retrofits Determining structural risks posed by seismic activity requires an analysis of the structure and evaluation of the location relative to the known faults, hillsides, and liquefaction zones.
In earthquake-prone areas, many cities are mandating the retrofitting of vulnerable building types. San Francisco, Los Angeles, and Santa Monica in California, as well as other cities in areas of elevated seismic activity, have instituted mandatory compliance guidelines for retrofitting vulnerable buildings.
The two most frequently identified types of seismically vulnerable buildings are wood-frame "soft story" buildings, where the ground floor is used for parking and built with open walls on one face of the building; and nonductile concrete buildings, which are prone to crumble and collapse under seismic forces. Retrofit costs vary widely depending on the size and construction of the building and the objectives of the retrofit.
Attention to small indications of impending issues, paired with preventive measures to stave off greater structural concerns, can extend the life and structural integrity of a building, saving money and minimizing risk in the long run.
A thorough property-condition assessment by a qualified, experienced consultant can simplify the due-diligence and risk-evaluation process, helping to ensure a safe and viable property.
This article was published by Winston Rowe and Associates https://www.winstonrowe.com