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How Does Reconstructive Surgery Helps Cancer Patients ?
The facility is available in all the leading hospitals for cancer treatment in India, including BLK hospital. The hospital has a team of some of the top notch plastic surgeons of India.
The surgery is carried out by using a flap. Flap is a patch of tissue taken from some other part of the patient's body or a donor and used to cover the distorted area left by a cancer surgery. Flaps may be made up of similar types of tissues or various different types of tissues. Flaps may be local or distant. Local flaps are made up of tissues obtained from the surrounding areas of the operation site and distant flaps are taken from other, distant body parts.
The procedure can be performed in hospitals as well as various clinics. The surgical team consists of an oncologist and reconstructive surgeons who work together to give the best possible results. The surgery can be performed for both males and females. Two of the most common cancers that may require reconstructive surgeries are head and neck cancer and breast cancer.
Breast cancer - one of the most common concerns of a breast cancer patient is mastectomy or removal of breasts. Breast reconstructive surgeries prove to be helpful in such conditions. These can be performed in two different ways i.e Implant based reconstruction and autologous reconstruction. In implant based reconstruction, gel implants are used with or without tissue expander. The recovery period is very short and the results are quiet satisfactory. Autologous reconstruction on the other hand involves the use of the patient's own tissues. The recovery period is comparatively longer but the procedure proves out to be more beneficial in the long run owing to the fact that the person's natural tissues are used which help to yield better results. The whole process is planned very efficiently and may be carried out in parts. Hence the patient mai require more than one surgery. During the procedure, the doctors and surgeons very carefully preserve the nipple and the pigmented area around it. However this may not be possible for all the patients and some might have to lose their nipples. In such cases the technique of 3D tattoos is used. It includes both the techniques of shadowing and highlighting. However mastectomy is not the only procedure that requires reconstrucive surgery.
Head and Neck Cancer- The most common reconstructive technique in case of head and neck cancer is microvascular free flap reconstructions. The idea is not only to close the open wound but to re-establish the normal structure of the affected area. A lot of advancements have been made in the field of head and neck reconstructive surgeries in the recent past. The surgeries can help to reconstruct the most complicated parts of the head and neck that are left damaged after the surgery.
Cleft Lip and Pallete Repair- This surgery is used to reconstruct facial defects caused by the treatment of mouth cancer. Mouth cancer often leads to the formation of huge tumors on the mouth or areas surrounding it. The removal of these may leave your face disfigured hence a reconstructive surgery becomes very important.
Reconstructive surgeries have helped a lot of cancer patients to regain their self esteem and confidence. It has brought a new ray of hope for patients undergoing mastectomy and other cancer related treatments. Although cancer can be initially treated with the help of chemotherapies and radiation therapies which are non surgical but in extreme cases where the tumor has become quiet enlarged, the tumor needs to be removed. Tumors not only affect your physical appearance but also affect your mental and social life.
It is not necessary that the reconstructive surgery completely reverses the effects of the cancer surgery and the patient might experience some visible difference. Although it might take time to cope up with these changes but eventually the patient becomes comfortable with these. Various counselling programs are provided by the leading hospitals to help the patients to adjust with these problems.
BLK Super Speciality Hospital
BLK Super Speciality Hospital