SGS Advises Manufacturers on Global Jewelry Regulations
With demand for jewelry growing around the world, authorities are introducing regulations to protect their citizens. SGS offers advice on how to ensure products comply with the right standards for a target market.
Its increasing popularity and the diverse nature of its form and composition means various countries are introducing regulations to protect their citizens from the possible negative effects of wearing items that may contain materials that can be harmful to humans. For example, prolonged exposure to some heavy metals can result in allergic reactions, learning disorders and/or damage to children's livers and kidneys. In 2017, RAPEX, the European Union's (EU) alert system for dangerous non-food products, recorded over thirty jewelry notifications, giving an insight into the level of problems associated with dangerous jewelry.
Manufacturers must understand the regulations that govern jewelry in their target markets, and be aware that a compliant product in one territory may not be accepted in another market.
EU and European Economic Area (EEA)
EU's principle law governing chemical use in consumer products, including jewelry, is Regulation (EC) 1907/2006 - REACH. Annex XVII of REACH regulates the use of chemicals as substances, constituents of substances, mixtures and/or articles and directly relates to products like jewelry. Stakeholders should especially be aware of restrictions relating to cadmium, nickel, azo dyes, chromium (VI) compounds, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), lead and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and its salts.
Manufacturers should also be aware of the Candidate List of substances of very high concern (SVHCs). Currently, there are over 190 SVHCs listed, with manufacturers and importers of products containing these substances having the following obligations:
· Article 7(2) - notify the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) if an SVHC is greater than 0.1% and the total quantity of the SVHC in the articles exceeds one tonne per EU manufacturer or EU importer per year
· Article 33(2) – they also have a duty to provide the consumer with sufficient information, available to the supplier, to allow the safe use of the article, including, as a minimum, the name of the SVHC, within 45 days of receipt of the request
Jewelry products intended primarily for children aged 12 years and under are regulated by the Consumer Product Safety Improvement Act of 2008 (CPSIA) and, often, a local jurisdiction-
Two ASTM International voluntary consensus technical standards exist for adult and children's jewelry:
• ASTM F2923 'Standard Specification for Consumer Product Safety for Children's Jewelry'
• ASTM F2999 'Standard Consumer Safety Specification for Adult Jewelry
Rhode Island regulates children's jewelry to ASTM F2923 but, in essence, these are voluntary standards that set out their own set of specifications for individual materials and/or components, including requirements for cadmium content, or soluble, migratable or extractable cadmium as an alternative, lead content, nickel release, soluble elements under ASTM F963, jewelry containing batteries, liquid-filled jewelry products, magnets or magnetic components, mechanical properties and/or warning statements.
Jewelry is covered by the Canada Consumer Product Safety Act (CCPSA), with jewelry aimed primarily at children under 15 years of age also being covered by the Children's Jewellery Regulations (CJR) and Surface Coating Materials Regulations (SCMR). Stakeholders should also be aware that, in May 2018, Canada published CJR (SOR/2018-82)
Jewelry destined for the Brazilian market is governed by Ordinance Number 43 of January 22, 2016. This regulation also came into effect in January 2016 and it restricts the use of cadmium and lead in jewelry.
In China, jewelry is regulated by two mandatory national standards. These are:
• GB 28480 'Adornment-Provision for limit of baneful elements'
• GB 11887 'Jewellery-Fineness precious metal alloys and designation'
In July 2017, the Omani Ministry of Commerce and Industry published Ministerial Decision 148/2017 of July 10, 2017, regulating children's jewelry to ASTM F2923 and adult jewelry to ASTM F2999. These came into effect in January 2018.
To learn more about global regulations relating to jewelry and see a more comprehensive breakdown of European and US regulations, read our article "All That Glitters": (www.sgs.com/
SGS Jewelry Testing Services
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For more information, contact:
Hing Wo Tsang Ph.D
Global Information and Innovation Manager
Tel: (+852) 2774 7420
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