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Appeal Filed Challenging Federal Statute Authorizing Social Media Censorship
The lawsuit was brought on behalf of the American Freedom Defense Initiative (AFDI), Pamela Geller, Robert Spencer, and Jihad Watch. Geller and Spencer, along with the organizations they run, are often subject to censorship and discrimination by Facebook, Twitter and YouTube because of Geller's and Spencer's beliefs and views on Islam, which these social media companies consider offensive to Muslims. Such discrimination, which is largely religion-based in that these California businesses are favoring adherents of Islam over those who are not, is prohibited in many states, but particularly in California by the state's anti-discrimination law, which is broadly construed to prohibit all forms of discrimination. However, because of the immunity granted by the federal government, Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube are free to engage in their otherwise unlawful, discriminatory practices.
Section 230 of the CDA immunizes businesses such as Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube from civil liability for any action taken to "restrict access to or availability of material that" that they consider "to be obscene, lewd, lascivious, filthy, excessively violent, harassing, or otherwise objectionable, whether or not such material is constitutionally protected."
The district court dismissed the complaint, claiming that Geller, Spencer, and their organizations lack standing to pursue their First Amendment challenge. The district court did not address the serious First Amendment concerns raised by the lawsuit. As such, the court did not rule on the merits.
In its decision on standing, the district court noted that the challengers "allege two forms of injury: an 'inability to express certain views' because of discriminatory censorship by private social-media companies and an 'economic injury' that flows from the companies' removal of Plaintiffs' online content." The court, therefore, "assume[d]" that "Plaintiffs have . . . plausibly alleged an injury in fact." However, it ultimately concluded that because this is an immunity statute, the Attorney General has no "enforcement"
Robert Muise, AFLC co-founder and senior counsel, issued the following statement: "The district court is mistaken. There is no dispute that Section 230 confers broad powers of censorship upon Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube officials, who can silence constitutionally protected speech and engage in discriminatory business practices with impunity by virtue of this power conferred by the federal government."
Muise continued, "As a result, section 230 is a federal statute that alters the legal relations between our clients and Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube, resulting in the withdrawal of legal protection against private acts. Per Supreme Court precedent, such action violates the Constitution. In Romer v. Evans, for example, the Supreme Court struck down on constitutional grounds a law that withdrew specific legal protection from the injuries caused by discrimination against homosexuals, including discrimination caused by private parties. There is no basis for a federal court to refuse to decide our First Amendment challenge to this federal law."
David Yerushalmi, AFLC co-founder and senior counsel, added: "Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube have notoriously censored speech that they deem critical of Islam, thereby effectively enforcing blasphemy laws here in the United States with the assistance of the federal government. We are hopeful that the D.C. Circuit will reverse the lower court's decision, which essentially stands for the proposition that there are certain statutes that are 'above the law' and thus beyond constitutional challenge. That is a dangerous precedent."
Yerushalmi added: "It has been the top agenda item of Islamic supremacists to impose such standards on the West. Its leading proponents are the Muslim Brotherhood's network of Islamist activist groups in the West and the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), which co-sponsored, with support from Obama and then-Secretary of State Clinton, a U.N. resolution which called on all nations to ban speech that could promote mere hostility to Islam. Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube are falling in line, and we seek to stop this assault on our First Amendment freedoms."
The American Freedom Law Center is a Judeo-Christian law firm that fights for faith and freedom. It accomplishes its mission through litigation, public policy initiatives, and related activities. It does not charge for its services. The Law Center is supported by contributions from individuals, corporations, and foundations, and is recognized by the IRS as a Section 501(c)(3) organization. Visit us at http://www.AmericanFreedomLawCenter.org.
Robert J. Muise, Esq.