Soccer season: Prime time for foot, ankle injuries
The popularity of soccer in youth presents challenges to protect growing feet from injury. Dr. Ed Davis, a podiatrist in San Antonio with over 25 years of experience discusses how.
By: Dr. Ed Davis, San Antonio Podiatrist
“Skeletally immature kids, starting and stopping and moving side to side on cleats that are little more than moccasins with spikes – that’s a recipe for foot and ankle sprains and worse,” cautions San Antonio Podiatrist Dr. Ed Davis, a member of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons.
“Kids will play with lingering, nagging heel pain that, upon testing, turns out to be a stress fracture that neither they, their parents nor their coaches were aware of,” he said. “By playing with pain, they can’t give their team 100 percent and make their injuries worse, which prolongs their time out of soccer.”
Davis said he has actually had to show parents x-rays of fractures before they’ll take their kids out of the game. “And stress fractures can be subtle – they don’t always show up on initial x-rays.”
Symptoms of stress fractures include pain during normal activity and when touching the area, and swelling without bruising. Treatment usually involves rest and sometimes casting. Some stress fractures heal poorly and often require surgery, such as a break in the elongated bone near the little toe, known as a Jones fracture.
“Soccer is a very popular sport in our community, but the constant running associated with it places excessive stress on a developing foot,” Davis said. He added that pain from overuse usually stems from inflammation, such as around the growth plate of the heel bone, more so than a stress fracture. “Their growth plates are still open and bones are still growing and maturing – until they’re about 13 to 16. Rest and, in some cases, immobilization of the foot should relieve that inflammation,”
Sever's disease is an inflammatory condition of the growth plates of the heel, also known as calcaneal apophysitis. Acute episodes can be treated via rest but if the condition becomes chronic then attention is needed to the underlying causes. Such causes are those which lead to repetitive mechanical strain to the growth plate such as overpronation (foot rolling in too much), tight heel cord or Achilles tendon or poorly supportive shoes. Dr. Davis specializes in biomechanics of the foot and ankle and can offer solutions such as prescription orthotics and shoe modifications.
Other types of overuse injuries are Achilles tendonitis and plantar fasciitis (heel pain caused by inflammation of the tissue extending from the heel to the toes).
Quick, out-of-nowhere ankle sprains are also common to soccer. “Ankle sprains should be evaluated by a physician to assess the extent of the injury,” said Davis. “If the ankle stays swollen for days and is painful to walk or even stand on, it could be a fracture or torn ligament."
Collisions between soccer players take their toll on toes. “When two feet are coming at the ball simultaneously, that ball turns into cement block and goes nowhere. The weakest point in that transaction is usually a foot, with broken toes as the outcome,” he explained. “The toes swell up so much the player can’t get a shoe on, which is a good sign for young athletes and their parents: If they are having trouble just getting a shoe on, they shouldn’t play.”
For further information about various foot conditions, contact Dr. Davis at 210-490-3668 or visit FootHealthFacts.org, sponsored by the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons.
Eddie Davis, DPM