Amended Standard EN 71-1 under EU Toy Directive

The European standardization committee CEN published a revision of the toy standard EN 71-1:2011 +A3:2014.
European standardization committee amends standard EN71-1 under EU Toy Directive
European standardization committee amends standard EN71-1 under EU Toy Directive
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En 71-1
Eu Toy Directive
Warnings On Toys
Toy Safety



April 17, 2014 - PRLog -- A new amendment A3 to the EU toy standard EN 71-1 (physical and mechanical requirements) has been published by CEN in March 2014. There is a transitional period allowing the old requirements to be used until September 2014. The amendment A3 is not harmonized yet. A standard or amendment is harmonized after publication in the EU Official Journal. Only harmonized standards can be used to show compliance to the EU Toy Directive 2009/48/EC.

Amendments on EU Toy Standard EN 71-1

Two different subjects “paperboard” and “warnings” together with some pending interpretation issues have been joined in order to reduce the number of amendments to EN 71-1. Please find below some highlights of the content.

Paperboard Properties and Small Parts

Paperboard is excluded from the small parts requirements. The exclusion is due to the properties of paperboard to soften and lose its form and strength when wetted by children that chew and bite on paperboard. The wet pieces do not pose a significant choking risk. The exclusion although does not apply to paperboards that are small parts as received and weakly attached small parts. Attached paperboard pieces that are small parts and can be detached by less than 25N can be ingested while they are still dry and pose a choking risk. For this paperboard small parts and weakly attached small parts are not allowed.

Visibility and Legibility of Warnings on Toys

In order to improve the visibility and legibility of warnings, good practice guidance is given.
Please find below the items covered:

- Emphasize the warning: e.g. by placing them in a prominent position.
- Contrast, background and colors: e.g. by advising sharp contrast and avoiding of strong background patterns.
- Reflecting surfaces and obscuring material: e.g. by avoiding highly reflecting surfaces.
- Font type: by using sans-serif font types.
- Font size: no recommendation is given for font size in order to avoid the use of only the smallest specified font size, however it is recommended to use larger font sizes where possible to improve visibility and legibility.
- Logical direction of text: by considering logical lay-out directions.

Changes due to interpretation issues:

- Toy and packaging requirements for plastic sheeting and bags have been harmonized
- Explanation of the terms of elastic and felt fabric in relation to small part exclusions
- The accuracy specification for the Gauss meter has been corrected

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Throughout a global network, SGS offers consultation and comprehensive testing services ( (physical/mechanical, chemical, flammability, electrical safety, etc) covering the full spectrum of international product safety and regulatory standards for a wide range of toys. The SGS laboratories are internationally recognized by major industry associations, accreditation bodies and authorities. With the largest global network of toy experts and testing facilities around the world (including 4 EU Notified Bodies and about 40 CPSC-Accepted Testing Laboratories), SGS is the partner to trust.

Please do not hesitate to contact the SGS experts for further information.

Contact details:

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Sanda Stefanovic
Senior Toy Expert
SGS Nederland BV
Malledijk 18, PO Box 200
3200 AE Spijkenisse
The Netherlands

t: +31 181 694517

SGS is the world’s leading inspection, verification, testing and certification company. SGS is recognized as the global benchmark for quality and integrity. With more than 80,000 employees, SGS operates a network of over 1,650 offices and laboratories around the world.
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