Scientific article on cold fusion energy, providing new understanding and practical recommendations
The new article published by Dr. Stoyan Sarg in General Science Journal is focused on the recent progress in nickel-hydrogen cold fusion.
The major obstacle for accepting the reality of cold fusion is theoretical. Nuclear fusion requires overcoming the Coulomb barrier, but for a nucleus in the order of a femptometer it is superstrong because the Coulomb field is inversely proportional to the square of distance. This leads to the belief that nuclear fusion is possible only at super high temperatures existing in the stars. The nuclear size is estimated by scattering experiments, but they have only angular and energy resolution. The data interpretation relies on the assumption that the nucleus is compact and structureless. Adopted a century ago, this assumption leads to a super small nucleus. The recent progress in cold fusion requires a revision of the data interpretation of scattering experiments. The new article points to some features of the modern scattering experiments, showing a signature of a manifold structure of the nuclear field and Coulomb barrier spread over a much larger volume. Consequently, it is not so strong and might be overcome in a nuclear process known as proton capture.
The models of atomic nuclei derived in BSM-SG theory put a new light on the Coulomb field in the proximity to the nucleus. Using the BSM-SG models, it is apparent that proton capture is possible at an accessible temperature and suitable reaction environment. This is in agreement with the idea of proton capture in Ni-H cold fusion suggested by the late professor Sergio Focardi.
The analysis of the nickel-hydrogen nuclear process shows that an intermediate state of hydrogen known as the Rydberg atom plays an important role in overcoming the Coulomb barrier. The new understanding allows optimization of the energy output and minimization of radioactive byproducts by proper selection of the nickel isotopes and the means for creation of the intermediate Rydberg state of hydrogen. The theoretical predictions based on the BSM-SG models are in excellent agreement with the experimental results obtained in the E-cat reactor of Andrea Rossi and the Hyperion reactor of Defkalion Green Technologies Corporation.
Dr. Sarg presented a talk about cold fusion at the 31st Annual meeting of the Society for Scientific Exploration, Bolder, Colorado (2012). The videorecord is available in: http://www.youtube.com/
Dr. Sarg has a 37-year work in scientific institutions in Europe and North America. His treatise "Basic Structures of Matter - Supergravitation Unified Theory" (2001) provides a new approach for interdisciplinary reserch. He wrote four scientific books (Amazon.com)
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