Elements on the Periodic Table: Molybdenum

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Jan. 29, 2014 - PRLog -- Molybdenum (symbol Mo) is a common chemical element, described as a rock-hard, silvery-white metal. Mo is mainly used to harden steel alloys and soften tungsten alloys. In addition, molybdenum for sale is readily available on the internet for producing enamels, fertilizers and dyes among other things.

Molybdenum was discovered by a man called Carl Wilhelm in 1778. He was a chemist professional from Sweden. During those days the element he discovered got no feasible usages because of being scarce. It was also quite hard to extract pure Mo throughout the century. Luckily till 1906, the element found a potential use in the heating elements for furnaces. It as well became functional in tungsten light bulbs. When the First World War (WWI) began, the demand for molybdenum increased radically. It was used for plating tanks. Meanwhile, Mo became a viable alternative for tungsten which was even scantier. After WWI, its usages decreased and rebounded with the advent of WWII. In modern times, this element has amazing applications thanks to those technological advances.

Molybdenum is situated in Group 3 and Group 12 of the periodic table. Hence it is a transitional metal. Transitional metals are malleable and good conductors of electric charges and temperature. Molybdenum’s atomic number is 42, which is equal to the number of protons and electrons in it. Molybdenum has an atomic mass of 95.94 amu, density of 293K, a cubic crystal structure and 54 neutrons. Its melting point is 2617°C while its boiling point is 4612.0 °C.Mo is said to have the 6th highest melting point among all the chemical elements. As a result, it is applied in construction and metal industries.

Because of technological progress, molybdenum for sale is all the rage. It seems that there are many people seeking to buy molybdenum for its mounting uses. Traditionally it was rarely seen in the creation of home appliances. Today molybdenum applications are gradually shifting to home appliances. Its substantial uses, however, have been evident in the factories and commercial sectors. It is used in the production processes mainly because of its high melting point. Because of its great strength and temperature resistance, Molybdenum has uses in space and military fields. Its stability in high temperatures is incredible. Its shape will remain intact even if it is exposed to extremely high temperatures.

This explains its usage in production of aircraft components, electrical contacts, weapons, industrial motors and filaments among other things. Molybdenum for sale can also be added to steel alloys to make them harder and stronger. Its introduction to a steel alloy depends on the intended material characteristics. For instance, construction (grade) steel requires approximately thirty-seven percent of grade steel. Manufacturing stainless steel contains twenty-two percent of molybdenum. Fifteen percent is used in chemicals while nine percent is required in the construction of tools or high-speed steel metal. When molybdenum metal is being formed, six percent of the element is added. Finally, seven percent is added to cast iron while four percent is required for creating super alloys.

About Stanford Materials, stanfordmaterials.com

Stanford Materials Corporation is a worldwide supplier of various oxides, metals, alloys, advanced ceramic materials, and minerals. It was established in 1994 to supply high quality rare earth products to our customers in the research and development fields.

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Tags:Tungsten, Molybdenum
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