A Learners Guide To Rules For The Super Bowl
Here are the basic rules for anyone who would like to understand them when they watch the upcoming Super Bowl on February 2, 2014, between the Denver Broncos and Seattle Seahawks.
Super Bowl 48 is shaping up to be one of the most incredible games ever played- in “New York, New York”.
The greatest attack in the history of the NFL, the Denver Bronocs, is taking on the best defence in the game this year, the Seattle Seahawks.
Do Australians know the rules though of a game which will be watched by over 111 million people?
Here is a break down of the game explained in a very simple format, which will be played at 10.30am (AEST) on Monday 3rd February, 2014.
Games are divided into four, 15 minute quarters. At the end of the first and third quarters, the team with the ball retains possession heading into the following quarter. That is not the case before halftime. The second half starts with a kickoff in the same way as Rugby League or Union.
HOW IT WORKS
Each team essentially has 4 tackles to try and make 10 yards (just over 9m).
If a team manages 10 yards (or longer) they are then given the opportunity to try and make another 10 yards within 4 tackles. In NFL terms it is called a down rather than a tackle. Eg/ if it is 2nd and 8, this means that the offensive team is on its 2nd tackle and they still need to make a further 8 yards to reach 10 yards and receive their next set of 4 downs (tackles).
On the 4th down, if the offensive team is too far away to kick a field goal, they will kick the ball for field position, like in League on the 5th tackle.
The main difference between Australian codes of football and NFL is, that after the ball is kicked, the kicking team isn’t allowed to re-gather the ball.
Play begins at what is called the line of scrimmage. The offensive team is allowed to only throw the ball forward, once, behind this line of scrimmage. However each team may pass the ball backwards as many times as they like (which is termed ‘a lateral’).
A player is tackled when one or both of his knees touch the ground. The play is then over (even if the ball comes loose).
A touchdown (which is the same as a try) is worth 6 points. To score a touchdown if you are running towards the goal line, the ball simply needs to cross the goal line (it doesn’t have to be grounded over the goal line). If someone is catching the ball in the ‘end zone’ (in goal area), the person catching the ball needs to have two feet in bounds at some point in time.
After a touch down is scored, the offensive team tries to convert the touch down which is worth one point. This kicking conversion attempt is taken from directly in front of the goal posts.
Teams can also attempt a 2 point conversion, which is where they will try and score a touchdown again, from the opponent’s 2 yard line.
Like in Rugby, field goals are worth 3 points and can be attempted from any position on the field.
In order to win the game, the team who wins the coin toss must score a touchdown on their first possession.
If they only score a field goal, the opposing team then gets a chance to score. If they kick a field goal, the game continues. If they score a touchdown, the game ends.
If the game is tied after both teams have had a possession, then the next score wins.
To get an Australian perspective on the game and to interview Joe Hughes from sports website sportreadr.com, while in New York, please contact Joe on firstname.lastname@example.org or 0423 491 808. A US number will be available from 28th January, 2014.