EU to Strengthen Restriction of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Toys and Consumer Products
The EU has recently expanded the scope of restriction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) to plastic and rubber components in articles under REACH (1). The restriction limits are dependent on the nature of the article.
On 7 December 2013, Regulation (EU) 1272/2013 was published in the Official Journal of the European (OJEU) and the new PAHs requirements have been added under entry 50 of ANNEX XVII of REACH. The listed PAHs are classified as carcinogens of category 1B. The scope has expanded from the already existing restriction of PAHs in extender oils and such oils in the manufacture of tires to the new requirements of rubber or plastic components in articles that come into direct as well as prolonged or short-term repetitive contact with the human skin or the oral cavity under normal or reasonably foreseeable usage (3).
PAHs in Toys and Consumer Products
These PAHs are not intentionally added into articles and do not perform any specific function as constituents of plastic or rubber components. They are present as impurities in some raw materials such as extender oils and carbon black used in the manufacture of articles and experience shows that they can be found in a wide range of consumer products made from plastic or rubber but can be detected in other materials as well.
The enforcement date takes effect on 27 December 2015. Articles placed on the market for the first time before this date are exempted.
Highlights of the new law are summarized in Table 1 within the latest SafeGuardS bulletin (http://newsletter.sgs.com/
(1) Table of substances/group of substances, which are restricted by Annex XVII to REACH Regulation (http://echa.europa.eu/
(2) SGS No.137/13 and references therein,
(3) Regulation (EU) 1272/2013 amending entry 50 on PAHs under ANNEX XVII of REACHhttp://eur-
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