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Chemical Peels Treatment Delhi India
Chemical peels remove the damaged outermost layer of skin thereby help reduce the appearance of wrinkles,facial folds, scars,pigmentation and "crow's feet".
By: Dr Rajnish@Laser Hair Removal Delhi
DIFFERENT TYPES OF CHEMICAL PEELS
There are 3 general types of chemical peels that fall into the categories of “light”, “medium” and “deep”. These are:
AHA CHEMICAL PEEL (Alpha hydroxyl acid):
Light chemical peels are usually are performed with a solution that contains lactic acid, fruit acid, salicylic acid or glycolic acid. This procedure works by removing the outer layers of the skin to smooth fine wrinkles and rough skin.AHA peels cause redness, stinging, irritation and crusting. Once the use of AHA becomes a part of your regular regimen, these side effects will subside.
TCA CHEMICAL PEEL (Trichloroacetic acid):
Medium chemical peels are performed with trichloroacetic acid to smooth out fine wrinkles, to remove surface blemishes, and to correct uneven skin tone. This treatment can be used on the neck and body as well as the face, and is recommended for darker-skinned patients.
A TCA peel will not bleach the skin. However, you will be advised to avoid the sun for several months after treatment. Although it is milder than a phenol treatment, TCA may cause some changes in skin coloration.
PHENOL CHEMICAL PEEL (Carbolic acid):
Unlike a light or medium chemical peel, a deep chemical peel, also known as a phenol peel, is performed only once. A deep peel can give more dramatic, longer-lasting results than the lighter peels by smoothing coarse wrinkles and even removing pre-cancerous growths.A phenol peel will cause the skin to lose its ability to make pigment. Therefore, you will not be able to tan the treated areas. The treated area will always be lighter and will always have to be protected from the sun.
Salicylic acid is unique amongst the hydroxy acids in that it can penetrate deeper into the oil glands causing exfoliation even in the oily areas of the face and scalp, making it ideal for treating acne and oily skin.
Lactic acid occurs naturally in human skin and is also found in milk. It is less irritating than other AHAs and has a natural moisturising effect on the skin. It is ideal for skin brightening. It can be used to treat pigmentation, dry or dehydrated skin, sensitive skin, rosacea.
Glycolic acid is the most common peeling agent. It comes in different strengths (30% – 90%) and different pH levels (levels of acidity) which will determine how deep it penetrates and how much peeling you get. It can be used to treat fine lines and wrinkles, sun damage, improvement of skin texture, skin brightening.
Fruit enzymes can also be used as peeling agents. Commonly used fruit enzymes come from fruits such as papaya, pineapple, pumpkin and cranberry. They are anti?bacterial, promote cell renewal and can digest oil from spots (sebum) and dead skin. They can be used to treat acne, rosacea, dehydrated skin, hyper?reactive and sensitive skin.
Tartaric acid comes from grapes and is a less irritating alternative to glycolic acid for a milder exfoliation of the skin. It can also help increase hydration. It can be used to treat acne, photo damage, rosacea, superficial pigmentation, eczema.
Malic acid comes from apples and pears and like tartaric acid is a weaker AHA than glycolic acid. It can be used to treat acne, photo damage, rosacea, superficial pigmentation, eczema. Citric acid comes from lemons and oranges and works in the same way as tartaric and malic acids. It can be used to treat acne, photo damage, rosacea, superficial pigmentation, eczema.
TCA or trichloroacetic acid is a stronger acid than glycolic. It penetrates deeper into the skin and is usually used for medium depth or deep peels although it can be used at a lower concentration in combination with other acids for a milder peel. It can be used to treat skin tightening, fine lines and wrinkles, acne scars, large pores, hyperpigmentation.
Carbolic acid is found in Phenol peels and is the strongest type of peeling agent available. It is used for very deep peels. It can be used to treat deep lines and wrinkles, scarring, severe sun damage.
Chemical peeling is an office procedure. It does not require any hospitalization. After properly studying the skin type and its sensitivity, the doctor decides on the type of peeling agent or agents and their concentration.He will apply the chemical solution to your face. The process usually takes no more than 10 minutes. You will be able to return to normal activity immediately following your treatment. You should expect some redness, swelling and flaking. If you've had a phenol peel, you may need a day or two to recover because it is possible that you will have extreme swelling to the point that your eyes could swell shut. Once this subsides, you will be able to return to normal activity.
BENEFITS OF CHEMICAL PEELS
• Improves skin tone, texture, and over all appearance
• Minimizes fine lines, lip creases, dark spots and scars
• Brightens dull, blotchy, uneven complexion
• Dissolves blackheads, kills bacteria and controls acne
• Stimulates collagen and elastin production for firmer skin
• Fades discoloration due to sun damage, hormones and scarring
• Peels can be used on other areas of the body for similar benefits
CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR CHEMICAL PEELS:
• Heightened allergies
• Open wounds or open lesions
• Extreme sunburn
• Recent facial cosmetic procedure
• Medication that can cause skin sensitivity
• Pustular acne
• Serious sensitive-skin disorders and/or infections
WHAT TO EXPECT
It is important to remember that a chemical peel is the willful application of an ACID
to produce a controlled injury to the skin. By intentionally causing “damage”, you
prompt the body into incereasing the production of collagen and elastin which form
the support system for the epidermis and causing the outermost layers of the
epidermis to slough off, revealing newer, fresher skin.
• Swelling, inflammation, redness or sensitivity
• Gradual darkening of the skin in the area treated
(the skin that will shed)
• Scabbing, crusting, oozing or flaking,
Dr Rajnish Anand is the Chief Cosmetic Surgeon at Empathy Skin & Laser Clinic, Pitampura,New Delhi and has been certified by both the American Board of Cosmetic Surgery and the American Board of Laser Surgery. He has extensive experience in aesthetic surgery and also performs laser skin resurfacing.Various other procedures performed at the State of the art Clinic,apart from Laser Hair Removal are Laser skin resurfacing, Advance Chemical Peels, guaranteed instant inch loss of any body part using Non Ablative RF Technology,Weight Loss, Surgical scar reduction , Non Surgical Face Lift, Cosmetic Dentistry. He can be reached at his office ,H.D-6,First Floor,Main Road,Pitampura (opp Metro Pillar Number 362)