Are Policies Like 287(g) and S.B. 1070 are Being Used to Racially Profile Latinos?
First Multi-Jurisdictional Analysis on Whether Policies Like 287(g) and S.B. 1070 are Being Used to Racially Profile Latinos, Research Reveals No Significant Effect on Latino Juveniles and Lack of Adequate Data
constitutionality of S.B. 1070 (Arizona v. United States) and the courts support of the “show me your papers” provision, states across the nation continue to debate whether to “crimmigration”
Today, The Justitia Institute releases findings from its report analyzing the effects of 287(g) on Latino juveniles in residential placement.
Residential Placement” is the first multi-jurisdictional quantitative analysis on the relationship between287(g)
Key findings of the report include:
• 287(g) jurisdictions may experience no effect or a negative effect on the percentage of Latino juveniles in residential placement
• There is a distinct lack of adequate data to empirically test whether or not policies like 287(g) and S.B. 1070 are disproportionately implemented against Latinos or other minority groups
• Prior research and criminological theories posit that we would not expect Latino foreign
nationals and Latino citizens, prima facia, to engage in a disproportionate amount of criminal activity. However, in the U.S. Latinos are disproportionately pulled into the criminal justice system
According to the report, despite a growing body of research suggesting that 287(g)
jurisdictions may be experiencing increases in Latino involvement in the justice system, the findings of this exploratory study did not support this claim. Specifically, 287(g) jurisdictions may experience no effect or a small negative effect on the percentage of Latino juveniles in residential placement. These findings should be taken cautiously, in light of the extremely limited nature of the data available to study this issue. Such limitations yield important insights about the type of information that criminal justice systems need to collect in order to adequately examine whether a relationship exists between immigration policy enforcement and criminal justice involvement. Such information is absolutely necessary to better inform this highly contentious policy area, with little research base for claims on both sides of the debate.
“Although persons on both sides of the immigration debate are making claims on whether laws like 287(g) and S.B. 1070 are being used to racially profile Latinos, there is little research base to answer this question definitively”