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Major Vietnamese companies are bending over backward to set up rubber cultivation plans in neighbour
Vietnam Rubber Group (VRG), which includes more than 100 members, Hoang Anh Gia Lai Group and Ho Chi Minh City-based Gemadept Corporation are among big Vietnamese companies heading west
VRG began rubber cultivation in Cambodia in 2007. As of last August, the group received 132,500ha for growing rubber and is implementing VND14 trillion ($673 million) worth of 15 projects covering 51,000ha. While, the projects have not generated profits, each project will include a latex processing plant, with capacity gradually increasing to keep pace with the rise of harvested latex.
VGR general director Tran Ngoc Thuan said financial difficulties and expensive inputs in 2011 slowed the group`s planting progress in Cambodia and Laos. But, it is striving to complete its 100,000ha rubber planting plan in Cambodia under an agreement between the two governments.
Additionally, VRG plans to ask for another 100,000ha of land to grow the trees in the next phase in Cambodia.
Unlike VRG, freight company Gemadept is a newcomer in the field. But, it launched a rubber plantation project in Cambodia covering 30,000ha last year in upland Mondulkiri province, bordering Vietnam`s Binh Phuoc province. The 25-year project needs $150 million and this year`s investment is about $14.5 million for Gemadept to clear off 7,000-8,000ha of land and plant 4,000-5,000ha of rubber trees, after 500ha was cultivated last year. Gemadept has set up three subsidiaries for its Cambodia rubber project.
Gemadept chief Do Van Minh said the trees would start providing latex in 2016 and with 30,000ha available for harvest, the company could obtain up to $150 million per year, with the latex price being $3,000-4,000 per tonne. Minh said even if Gemadept had no more capital for further investment after two years, it could sell the whole project to Chinese or Malaysian or Singaporean companies, who are hunting projects in Cambodia.
Gemadept project execution chief Nguyen Thanh Tinh said Cambodia`s rubber plantations would be more profitable than Vietnam`s.
Hoang Anh Gia Lai, meanwhile, plans to set up a corporation to manage all rubber projects in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam. The multi-business group plans to list its rubber corporation`
HAGL expects to complete the planned cultivation of 51,000ha of rubber in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam by the end of this or next year. It had grown on 35,740ha by the end of 2011.
HAGL chairman Doan Nguyen Duc said rubber tree profits were higher than those from real estate. When all 51,000ha providing latex, HAGL can harvest around 127,500 tonnes of dried latex each year and export would bringing in about $382.5 million in revenue.
The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development`