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Learn More About The Canadian Forces And Defense Policy
The Canadian Forces are the armed forces of Canada and consist of army, navy, and air force units. The ships of the navy are deployed around the world, and the Navy itself participates in NATO operations.
Brigade groups consist of an artillery regiment, an armoured regiment, a combat engineer regiment, and three infantry battalions. All brigade groups also have a military police platoon, a signals squadron, and a service support battalion.
The Royal Canadian Air Force manages aircraft operations, protects the airspace of Canada, and supports the missions of the navy and the army. In the Americas, the fleet of the Royal Canadian Air Force is the third largest after that of the US and Brazil, consisting of some 391 aircraft.
The Canadian forces participate in domestic and regional operations, respond to terrorist attacks, and support the efforts of the civilian authorities in crisis situations. The defence policy of Canada has three general objectives. These include defending Canada, defending the North American continent together with the United States, and contributing to international security and stability.
The Canada First Defence Strategy of 2008 is developed based on a rigorous and thorough analysis of the threats and risks the country faces. The strategy has 4 pillars - readiness, personnel, equipment, and infrastructure - and military capabilities are built around these pillars. One goal of the strategy is to increase the size of the military and replace their core capabilities. The Strategy also envisions a well-equipped and well-trained modern military that is ready to face the challenges of 21st century. Efforts at rebuilding the capacity of the Canadian forces are focused in several directions. A major goal is to expand the Reserve Force and Regular force personal to 30,000 and 70,000, respectively, as to achieve the country's defence objectives. This expansion makes it possible to strengthen major enabling and joint capabilities, such as maintenance and medical technicians, special operations forces, intelligence and reconnaissance specialists, and surveillance. Under the new plan, the core equipment platforms of the Canadian forces will be renewed. Starting in 2015, fifteen ships will replace the destroyers and frigates of the Canadian army. All frigates and destroyers will have communications, surveillance, weapons, and other systems. The new ships will facilitate the operations of the Forces, ensuring that the military defends and monitors Canadian waters and making contribution to naval operations globally.
A third pillar of the new defence strategy is readiness, aiming at enhanced readiness of Canada's military. Planned investment will help enhance the training of personnel. Infrastructure, the last pillar, aims to improve the defence infrastructure of Canada. This will take place in 2 phases over the next thirty years.
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