New Physiological Basis for Sigmund Freud's Id, Ego and Superego Described

Few people know that Freud never actually defined the Id, Ego and Superego, or that these concepts are not formally used in psychotherapy today. A new novel by Bruce Nappi establishes the physiology behind them and explains how they work.
By: A3 Society
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* Jacksonville - Florida - US

March 27, 2011 - PRLog -- Explorer, scientist and Jacksonville, Florida author, Bruce Nappi, has just released two volumes of his new book series LIARS!  The books present over 40 major discoveries that answer many of the most critical unanswered questions of the ages, including why we have so much chaos and strife in modern society.  Difficult psychological and philosophical discoveries are explained using everyday language in a readable, exciting novel format.  The discoveries affect every part of our culture, making the books interesting and valuable reading for everyone who seeks understanding and improvement for today's society.

In 1923, Sigmund Freud wrote a book, The Ego and the Id. In it he suggested that all human thoughts could be explained by 3 brain functions which he called the Es, Ich and Uber-Ich, which were translated into the Id, ego and super-ego. Most people don't know that Freud never precisely defined these functions, nor located them in the brain. No one else has since. So, though famous, they are not formally used in therapy.  While trying to understand human consciousness, Nappi developed a psychological - physiological brain model that explained these functions. Freud was RIGHT!

The first brain, which Nappi calls HULK, named after the cartoon character, is similar to Freud's Id. Hulk handles basic body functions. And, if they are not satisfied, can become just like the raging monster.  The key breakthrough was recognizing that Hulk's functions are ALL inherited.

The second function, which is similar to Freud's super-ego, he calls Mr. Grimm. This is the site of the human conscience. The key breakthroughs were recognizing that this function is all learned and came BEFORE the ego. Grimm is driven by sensory perceptions learned as time based sequences. Grimm is primarily a pattern recognizer and summarizer. AND Grimm is capable of recursion, i.e. monitoring it's own conclusions.

The third function, similar to Freud’s ego, is human consciousness - the part that is awake. This function, referred to as THINKER, is also all learned. What gives Thinker its human traits is its functional ability to process summary information from Mr. Grimm, as well as its own summaries. Understanding these roles provides a profound new method to understand consciousness and mental illness.

The books -- LIARS! Vol. 1: Scout to the Pole; and Vol. 2: Escape to Insanity -- are based on Nappi's experience as one of the Eagle Scouts on the 1965 North Pole Expedition.  They present an "Atlas Shrugged" philosophical romp through a 3 Stooges run government research world, challenging the most fundamental beliefs of human culture.  The coming of age saga is filled with amazing true-life adventures expanded by the insights of 40 years in the rough and tumble world of high tech business intrigue.  A life threatening climax in volume 2 finally creates a setting to pull together all the wisdom and lay out a broad and comprehensive explanation for many of the problems modern society can't seem to understand.

Ultimately, the reader will learn how public statements claiming to represent broad "public opinion", are predominantly the voice of a small elite minority intent on maintaining superiority.  Mankind's greatest social institutions:  government, religion, science, education, law, medicine, and even the U.S. Constitution, are challenged and shown to be corrupt.  A unified structure emerges which becomes the basis for a new social structure for mankind.

About Bruce Nappi

Bruce Nappi is founder and president of the A3 Society and author of the books LIARS!  Vol. 1: Scout to the Pole; and Vol. 2: Escape to Insanity.  An award winning scholar, he graduated from MIT with both Bachelors and Masters degrees in Astronautics ( yes, a true MIT rocket scientist ).  As an engineer and manager, he used his multi-disciplined technical background to develop leading edge products in medicine, optics, production systems, military systems, and automated testing.  His resume is filled with breakthroughs like: the first fully automated system to fabricate dental crowns; fastest DNA sequencing machine in the world (1990); first 512 sensor solid state array for measuring muscle contractions; first infrared fiber optic probe for direct measurement of human blood chemistry; first practical solution for content addressable memory which can speed up computer processing over a thousand times. He is currently Administrative Director for CSESaR, the Center for Simulation Education and Safety Research, University of Florida, College of Medicine, Jacksonville, Florida.

Throughout his career, he was dismayed by repeated failures of society to draw on even a fraction of the technical advances available. He was greatly disturbed that, even with ever-growing technical capabilities, the number of poor and starving kept increasing while great wealth continued to concentrate in the hands of a few. When modern communications opened the door to participative democracy, western governments, waving the banner of democracy, hypocritically established legal barriers to keep government decisions in the hands of special interests and legislative aristocrats. This led to his lifelong quest that produced the discoveries presented in the book series LIARS!  The A3 Society was founded to promote those discoveries through education. His work is summarized online at The books are available at

Bruce Nappi -  Nanook *at* A3society *dot* org  
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Twitter  TheRealNanook
LIARS! Vol. 1: Scout to the Pole
LIARS! Vol. 2: Escape to Insanity

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About the A3 Society: The A3 Society was formed to gather a community of like-minded people to explore the new social structure outlined in the books LIARS! Vol. 1: Scout to the Pole and LIARS! Vol. 2: Escape to Insanity.

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