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Tennis not helped by Title IX Enforcement; Fails to boost teams for women and eliminates men's teams
College Sports Council analysis of NCAA Division I data charts tennis team sponsorship since 1996 Title IX policy clarification.
By: College Sports Council
Contrary to popular perception, Title IX's gender quota has failed to boost women’s tennis while it has stripped away men's tennis teams, according to analysis of NCAA data by the College Sports Council (CSC).
“This new analysis reveals that women’s college tennis is similar to women's gymnastics in that it hasn't benefited from the proportionality compliance test for Title IX,” said Eric Pearson, Chairman of the CSC. “Gender quota advocates always profess that Title IX has unquestionably benefitted all women’s sports, but when you break it down sport by sport frequently the data tells a different story,” Pearson said.
In 1996, the US Department of Education issued a clarification of Title IX's regulations that declared the proportionality prong of the three-part test to be a 'safe harbor.' The CSC's analysis tracks the percentage of tennis teams sponsored by NCAA Division I schools since 1996.
Women tennis players have more teams (311) to compete for than male tennis players (258) in NCAA Division I, but the percentage of NCAA schools sponsoring women's teams has not increased since the 1996 policy clarification (96.4% in 1996 vs. 93.4% in 2009) and the percentage of NCAA Division I schools sponsoring men’s tennis teams has declined by more than 14 percent (91.8% in 1996 vs. 77.5% in 2009).
To read the charts and graphs, please visit http://www.collegesportscouncil.org.
The new analysis is the fifth in a series the CSC has published since 2007:
• Decline in Men’s Teams: In 2007, a CSC analysis discovered an ongoing pattern of male college athletic teams eliminated over a 25-year period;
• Uneven School Compliance: In 2008, another CSC study revealed that virtually all of the nation's Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) failed to meet Title IX's proportionality test;
• NCAA Limiting Men’s Scholarships:
• Soccer Gap for Men: Earlier this year, a CSC study revealed apparent disparate treatment of male soccer players by NCAA Division I schools.
Research Note: The source data for this study was obtained from the NCAA’s “1981-82–2008-
The College Sports Council is a national coalition of coaches, parents, athletes and alumni. Follow us on our blog, our Twitter feed or Facebook.
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The College Sports Council is a national coalition of coaches, parents, athletes and alumni. It is the nation's leading voice for reform of Title IX enforcement.