Brief Introduction - Four Great Ancient Capitals of China

The Chinese phrase Four Great Ancient Capitals of China traditionally refers to Beijing, Xi'an, Luoyang and Nanjing. Few cities in the world besides Beijing have served as the political and cultural centre of an area as immense as China for so long
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Feb. 26, 2010 - PRLog -- The Chinese phrase Four Great Ancient Capitals of China traditionally refers to Beijing, Xi'an, Luoyang and Nanjing. Few cities in the world besides Beijing have served as the political and cultural centre of an area as immense as China for so long. Beijing is renowned for its opulent palaces, temples, and huge stone walls and gates, such as Forbidden City, Great Wall, Summer Palace, etc. Xi'an is the eastern terminus of the Silk Road and known as the site of the Terracotta Army, made during the Qin Dynasty. The city has more than 3,100 years of history, and was known as Chang'an before the Ming Dynasty. Situated on the central plain of China, one of the cradles of the Chinese civilization, Luoyang is famous for Longmen Grottoes, White Horse Temple and Peony (city flower of Luoyang). Located in the lower Yangtze River drainage basin and Yangtze River Delta economic zone, Nanjing has always been one of China's most important cities with lots of famous spots, such as: City Wall of Nanjing, Nanjing Yangtze River Bridge, Dr. Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum, etc.
To discover the real cultural and historical China, traveling along the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China is the best choice.
 
Beijing - With a history of 3000 years, Beijing has 7300 cultural relics and historical sites, among which the Forbidden City, the Summer Palace and the Great Wall were listed as World Heritage Sites. Beijing Opera (Peking Opera) is considered one of the highest achievements of Chinese culture. Mandarin cuisine is the local style of cooking, with Peking Roast Duck and the Manhan Quanxi ...More about Beijing Travel
 
Xi'an was the capital of 13 dynasties, including the Zhou, Qin, Han, Sui and Tang. The city has more than 3,100 years of history and was called Chang'an in ancient times.Xi'an is famous for the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor and Terracotta Warrior of the Qin Dynasty, for being the eastern terminus of the Silk Road and for the historical event Xi'an Incident in 1936.
 
Luoyang lies in the west of Hennan province. Situated in the central plain, it is known as “the Gravity Center of China” and “the Hinterland of Nine Divisions (a poetic name for China)”.Starting from the Xia Dynasty, the first imperial dynasty in China, Luoyang severed as the capital for thirteen dynasties. It was the earliest capital city with the longest time of being capital in China’s history.
 
Nanjing, located in Yangtze River Delta economic zone, is the capital of China's Jiangsu Province and serves as a national hub of education, research, transportation and tourism throughout history.Nanjing is the second largest commercial center in East China;Nanjing is also a city with a vast number of cultural sites. The most famous ones are Fuzi Miao (夫子庙, Fūzī Miào, Temple of Confucius) and Qinhuai River, Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum (中山陵, Zhōngshān Líng), Ming Dynasty Xiaoling Tomb (明孝陵, Míng Xiàolíng), Nanjing Ming City Wall and Zhonghua Gate (中华门, Zhōnghuá Mén).

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