Introduction to Consumer Commodities
There are many products shipped worldwide daily that are classified as consumer commodity via air transportation. As the name indicates, these products are for consumer and household use. Some examples include perfumes, nail polishes, aerosols, food flavoring, and certain medications.
The following definition is referenced from the IATA (International Air Transport Association)
CONSUMER COMMODITY: A Consumer Commodity is defined as a material which is packed and distributed in a form intended or suitable for retail sales for the purposes of personal care or household use. See Special Provision A112 for Classes and Divisions permitted under this definition.
Also from the IATA manual, the following is the special provision from section 4.4:
A112 Consumer commodities may only include substances of Class 2 (non-toxic aerosols only), Class 3 (Packing Group II or III), Division 6.1 (Packing Group III only), UN 3077, UN 3082 and UN 3175, provided such substances do not have a subsidiary risk. Dangerous goods that are forbidden for transport aboard passenger aircraft must not be transported as consumer commodities.
Not all products that are used for personal or household use can be classified as ID8000, Consumer Commodity. However, there are many that can, provided that the product is within the outlined parameters. The shipper is always liable in preparing shipments not only according to ICAO/IATA requirements, but also according to Federal transportation requirements set forth in CFR49, parts 100-177: Link to CFR49 (http://www.ecfr.gov/
Benefits of Reclassifying
The benefit of classifying a shipment as ID8000, Consumer Commodity, Class 9 is that UN specification packaging is not required. Furthermore, limitations for quantities that are stipulated in IATA USG-13 (which refers to § 175.75 Quantity limitations and cargo location (http://www.ecfr.gov/
Correctly packing consumer commodity shipments according to packing instruction Y963 has several levels of requirements. The first is to determine if the product is in inner packages that meet the criteria set forth in the packing instructions in the IATA manual. To clarify, an inner package is defined by the 55th edition IATA DGR as “packagings for which an outer packaging is required for transport.” Some examples of inner packages for consumer commodity consignment would be a glass bottle for perfume, an aerosol canister, or a small paint can. In packing instruction Y963, each inner package is limited according to various factors.
ID8000, Consumer Commodity, class 9 shipments have a number of packaging requirements, but some are useful to acknowledge for all shipments. The completed package must be able to withstand conditions typical for transportation, which include conditions subject to change of altitude, vibration, stacking of freight, and temperature changes. The package must be able to prevent leakage of the product from the outer package. The easiest way to fulfill this requirement is to include absorbent material in the form of vermiculite or absorbent pads. The absorbent is placed at the bottom of the package, contained within a plastic liner to contain all of the inner packages, in order to fulfill the requirements for preventing leakage outside of the outer packaging.
The entire completed package, including inner packages, absorbent materials, and outer packaging, is limited to 30 kilos gross weight.
Marks and Labeling Requirements
Another benefit of classifying a shipment as ID8000 is that there are exemptions for marking and labeling. Even though a shipment and/or package can contain flammable liquids, flammable solids, environmentally hazardous substances, flammable aerosols, and non-flammable aerosols, when prepared as a consumer commodity they all are required to be labeled as class 9, miscellaneous. Additionally, labelling requirements for packages containing liquid dangerous goods in combination, and overpacks is the orientation arrow label. These labels must be placed on two opposite sides. The minimum dimensions for the labels are 74 x 105 mm, this is important because many preprinted boxes do not meet these requirements.
Marking requirements for these shipments include the limited quantity mark, as shown in the figure below. This must be placed on each package and overpack containing ID8000, consumer commodities.
Also required to be marked on all packages and overpacks is the shipper and consignee information. The full name and address is required, including the country as per USG-12, these addresses must match the shipper’s declaration of dangerous goods. The waybill issued does not have to match either of these addresses as per IATA 188.8.131.52 and 184.108.40.206
“Note: The name and address of the shipper which appears on the Shipper's Declaration for Dangerous Goods form may differ from that on the Air Waybill.”
Issuing Dangerous Goods Declaration
The dangerous goods declaration is the most critical component of a hazardous material shipment. This document allows the carrier, cargo handler, pilot and anyone else that comes in contact with the shipment to know what the shipment contains.
By using the classification of ID8000, Consumer Commodity, class 9 there are some further documentation exclusions a shipper may use to make the process easier. One of which would be to use the method outlined in packing instruction Y963, which allows for the quantity and gross weight of the boxes to be shown as an average gross weight for overpacked shipments.
If you have any questions regarding preparing consumer commodity shipments or any other hazmat shipments please contact DGM New York to see how our services can assist you.
This shall not be considered training or regulatory advice. Always adhere to all applicable regulations when shipping hazardous materials: http://dgm-usa-
Eric E. Muller
Branch Owner, DGM New York
601 W. Linden Avenue, Linden, NJ 07036
About DGM New York
DGM New York is a 3rd party dangerous goods packaging and compliance service provider. DGM New York also provides ISPM-15 compliant export crating services, art crating, perishables and dry ice. Just ask and we are sure we can accommodate your needs.