Author : Surname first followed by initialsYear of publication : In parenthesis
Full title of the book: First word of the title in capitals
Edition number: In parenthesis after the title or subtitle
Place of publication City and 2-letter state code for publishing in USA; city & country for publishing out of USA:
Publisher’s name: In brief including the words book and press
This is the case for citing a book with one author. But if you are using books with two authors or more; or the book with several editions and editors then the citation procedures varies a little bit.
Citation rule for journal articles in APA 6th edition
Title of article: First word of the title and subtitle in capitals
Volume number: In italics
Issue number: In brackets but not in italics
Month, season: If there is no volume or issue number
Inclusion of page numbers
Inclusion of digital object identifiers if exists
Source: Phd Assistance, 2014 (Compiled from different sources)
While mentioning these in reference section of research paper or any assignment; the emphasis is on punctuation standard, margin, line, and heading. Many students question that why there is so much importance to reference style as they have the written the content without any flaw. No doubt, your research work is reflected in terms of writing but if your perception is that formatting is not a big deal to worry about; then your credibility would remain at stake. This is a question mark over your academic irresponsibility and your write-ups might not be entertained unless you have the incorporated the mechanism of APA 6th edition. The main purpose is not to confuse the readers especially to your class teacher or evaluator and you must provide the location of sources, if you have used any information in the content.
While referencing in APA 6th edition, make sure the first line towards left margin while the others in hanging indent format. The difficulty in citing is when you have collected information from a lot of sources like books, journals, magazines, website having more authors or no author or with multiple editions. Though in surface it seems easy but putting commas, hyphen, parenthesis, double spacing, and italics might be a harrowing task. Guidelines are not uniform to all the sources but it overlaps, which in turn confuses. Again when you are using quotes of other authors or paraphrasing or citing secondary sources, there is a little bit change. Reference section too carries certain percentage of marks, when it comes to overall grading of PhD dissertation. Therefore, in terms of credibility and scoring; the APA format in 6thedition is very challenging.
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