EU Ensures Chemical Safety of Hair Dye Products
Following the publication of a scientific study in 2001, entitled “Use of permanent hair dyes and bladder cancer risk”, the Scientific Committee on Cosmetic Products (SCCP) concluded that such risks were of concern. The SCCP recommended that the Commission takes further steps to control the use of hair dye substances. The SCCP, subsequently replaced by the existing Scientific Committee on Consumer Safety (SCCS), set up an expert panel to assess the safety of individual substances for which updated files have been submitted by the hair care industry.
The European Commission and European Member States agreed upon an overall strategy to regulate substances used in hair dye products. Industry was required to submit files for risk assessment by the SCCS.
Hair Dyes Substances Restrictions
Taking into account the final opinions given by the SCCS and in order to ensure the safety of hair dye products for human health, EU Commission has decided:
1) To restrict the use of 21 hair dye substances by regulating them in Annex III to the Cosmetics Regulation:
1. Disperse Violet 1 (entry n°265)
2. HC Red No 3 (entry n°266)
3. Basic Red 76 (entry n°267)
4. Basic Red 51 (entry n°268)
5. 2-Amino-5-Ethylphenol HCl (entry n°269)
6. Acid Red 92 (entry n°270)
7. Disperse Blue 377 (entry n°271)
8. p-Aminophenol (entry n°272)
11. Basic Yellow 87 (entry n°275)
12. Basic Orange 31 (entry n°276)
14. Basic Violet 2 (entry n°278)
15. 2,3-Diaminodihydropyrazolopyrazolone Dimethosulfonate (entry n°279)
16. Picramic Acid and Sodium Picramate (entry n°280)
17. 2-Nitro-5-Glyceryl Methylaniline (entry n°281)
18. HC Blue 16 (entry n°282)
2) To change the maximum authorized concentrations of 1 hair dye substance by regulating them in Annex III of the Cosmetics Regulation
3) To authorize 10 hair dye substances and hydrogen peroxide for use in products intended for coloring eyelashes by setting up strict use conditions and obligatory warnings (such as "for professional use only") in Annex III:
1. p-Phenylenediamine and sulfate (entry n°8b)
2. Hydrogen peroxide (entry n°12)
3. Resorcinol (entry n°22)
5. m-Aminophenol HCL and sulfate (entry n°217)
6. 2-Methyl-5-Hydroxyethyl Aminophenol (entry n°229)
8. 2,4-Diaminophenoxyethanol HCl and sulfate (entry n°242)
9. 4-Amino-m-Cresol (entry n°244)
10. 2-Amino-4-Hydroxyethylaminoanisole and Sulfate (entry n°245)
Updated Cosmetics Regulation in Force:
The provisions shall apply from 27 November 2013 (concerning authorization of 10 dyes and hydrogen peroxide in eyelash coloring products) and from 1 July 2014 (concerning restrictions for hair dyes and obligatory labeling for eyelash coloring products).
This Regulation shall be binding in its entirety and is directly applicable in all Member States.
Commission Regulation (EU) No 1197/2013 (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/
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