PRLog - Jan. 5, 2014 - BOONE, N.C. -- Boone, NC ~ The Peoples Republic of China could be the first nation on earth to be able to undertake commercial mining operations and to legally claim ownership of the minerals and land in the Imbrium Crater on the surface of the Moon where the lunar rover, 'Yutu', soft-landed two weeks ago. A gateway, or ‘loophole’
Universal Mineral Lease Certificate issued to Peoples Republic of China
According to Dr. Resnick, “Article II of the Outer Space Treaty (“OST 1967”), to which China is a signatory, states: “Outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, is not subject to national appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation, or by any other means”.. Article VI deals with international responsibility, stating that the activities of non-governmental entities in outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, shall require authorization and continuing supervision by the appropriate State Party to the Treaty" and that States Parties shall bear international responsibility for national space activities whether carried out by governmental or non-governmental entities”. Citing these codicils in the collective body of the treaties since 1963, Resnick said, “Keep in mind that the original intent of the OST was to prevent militarization of exoplanets, essentially a knee-jerk reaction in view of the reality of ‘The Cold War’ in those post WWII times, which, today, are no longer major concerns. And most people believed that man would never really want to harvest minerals from the Moon”.
Resnick said that he first made claim of exemption from the OST and made a claim of ownership of exoplanetary bodies in January of 1970 in four (4) hand-written letters addressing these, each and individually, to: Kurt Waldheim, Secretary General of the United Nations, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD); The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA), The Hague, The Netherlands;
Dr. Resnick said that in the letters sent to the world’s leaders (1970) he expressed dissatisfaction with some of the language in the OST of 1967 and that he felt that he was not bound by the Treaty because he did not sign it, and that he claimed the right, as a Sovereign Human Being, to claim and hold ownership of anything in space and that he, and any other human being, had the right to undertake exploration and to own and exploit the commercial rights to all exoplanetary bodies and all elements, minerals, and any chattels that might be contained therein/thereon, falling outside the planetary boundaries of the third planet from the Sun in the Milky Way Galaxy, Earth.
Dr. Resnick said that he never received any responses from any of the individuals nor the agencies to which he presented his opinions and to which the claims were presented 43 years ago. Resnick said, “My original claims to ownership rights to exoplanetary bodies and exemption from any articles in any of the Space Treaties have stood, un-challenged by any governmental body or individual, for more than 43 years. If my claims were to be challenged today, my defense would be, ‘The Doctrine of Estoppels’. Of course, this issue is moot in view of the present OST language which fails to set forth any court of competent jurisdiction or procedural protocols for such actions”.
Dr. Ronald Stewart, Director of the Exoplanetary Institute of Gonzales, TX, said, “Perhaps, the reason for the lack of responses to Dr. Resnick’s attempts at contact may be due to the fact that language in the original (OST) document dispossesses any and all of the signatories to ‘jurisdiction’
Dr. Resnick stated that he is a staunch supporter of China’s space program and its efforts to explore the moon. In a letter drafted and sent on 12/27/13 to China’s Secretary General and President, Hon. Xi Jinping, Resnick wrote, “Because I so admire the dedication and commitment displayed by Peoples Republic of China (“PRC”), which has made such a noble and strong commitment enabling the forward progress of Mankind under your enlightened Administration, and by virtue of China’s most recent efforts to successfully soft-land the Jade Rabbit Lunar Rover, “Yutu”, on the surface of the Moon, it is my desire to afford an avenue through which the PRC can, with some degree of arguable legitimacy based on the un-contested status and duration of my claims, establish the first (and only) international claim to ownership of an (any) exolanetary area comprising a lunar landing site”. Dr. Resnick said that The Universal Mineral Leases Registry issued a Lunar Surface map generated by the Clementine Orbiter showing Yutu’s surface coordinates at: 32° 48′ 0″ N, 15° 36′ 0″ W (32.8°, -15.6°); an irrevocable, fully-paid, “Certificate of Mineral Lease Registration”;
Joy Mann Simmons
Joy Mann Simmons