As the joint between the Femur (thigh bone) and the Tibia (shin bone), knees can undergo a lot of stress and strain through sporting exercise. As a result, acute and chronic knee pains are common occurrences in many sporting disciplines.
Acute injuries can occur due to any sudden force or impact on the knee, causing immediate pain which can require emergency first aid. These injuries most often occur to the ligaments that hold the knee joint together. For example, the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) can be torn through rapid changes in direction or speed causing twisting of the knee, a common skiing or football injury, whilst the medial collateral ligament (MCL) is often damaged by direct blows to the outside of the knee joint in contact sports such as rugby. Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) injuries can also occur when the knee joint is forced to bend back the wrong way.
Cartilage in the knee is also prone to acute injuries. The cartilage is the material found at the ends of bones, a smooth surface that allows bones to comfortably move over each other, and is often damaged alongside injuries that cause ligament damage. Whatever acute injury you receive, the RICE method (Rest, Ice, Compression & Elevation) (http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/
Even without an initial acute injury, chronic pain can come on gradually and has many causes, though it is usually related to overuse or degenerative issues caused by general wear and tear. Whether it’s Biceps Femoris Tendinopathy, causing pain on the outer back of the knee, or even a Bakers Cyst causing swelling behind the knee, chronic issues are treatable if the initial cause is found.
So if you are currently experiencing knee pain, or have been experiencing it for a long period of time, have a look at our Knee Pain Symptom Checker (http://www.sportsinjuryclinic.net/