In 2003, the Commission and European Member States agreed within the framework of the Cosmetics Directive 76/768/EC, to an overall strategy to assess and regulate all hair dyes. Since then, following on from an assessment of the SCCS, the Commission has banned 180 substances and restricted the use of another 52. With this latest adoption of the Directive, the restricted list now amounts to 76 substances in Annex III of the Directive.
As it currently stands, a final batch of 45 substances is yet to be assessed by the SCCS. Upon receipt of the individual opinions on their safety, the EU will propose appropriate measures, such as restricted authorization or a complete ban of these substances. This will probably result in a “Positive List” of hair dyes, similar to that which exists for cosmetic colorants in Annex IV of the Directive.
Hair Dye Products
Hair dye products are divided into three categories – Temporary, Semi-Permanent (both of which are non-oxidative products), and Permanent (which are oxidative and require the use of a hair dye developer, such as Hydrogen Peroxide). The majority of hair dyes used by consumers are still the Permanent type, although Semi- Permanent and Temporary products have seen an increasing market share over the last few years. In Europe more than 60% of women and 5-10% of men color their hair, with a mean frequency of use of 6-8 times per year.
Implementation of 2012/21/EU
The Directive 2012/21/EU (http://eur-lex.europa.eu/
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