We will first start with the Dos.
Be well read & make your opinion: Being well read is the first condition for cracking GD. Be it a topic on current affairs or an abstract one, you will never be let down if you read a plethora of subjects.
Be the first speaker: In order to put the maximum impact in the GD, you must aim to be the first one to speak in the GD. You can also mold the discussion according to your convenience. For example, if it is an abstract topic, you can relate it with a current political or social event which you are well aware of. The rest of your group members will follow that. “It is important to speak in the initial two minutes to make an impact, so I always tried to be the second one to speak in the GD,” says Neha Bhosle, an IIM Lucknow student.
Be heard: It is important to have a loud voice in order to be heard. As there would be about 10 members in a group, it is very important to have a loud, audible voice so that you can put across your point. “It is important to speak a little loudly, so that your voice does not get drowned by someone else who might try to make an entry at the same time as you,” Neha mentions.
Work on your body language: Along with your verbal language, your body language is also important. You should maintain a calm and composed body language and not an aggressive one. Keep control on the movement of your body. Don’t throw your fist or stamp your foot in exasperation.
Be a good listener: Listening to your fellow group member can give you lot of insights on the topic. If you don’t have much idea on the topic, you can gain some idea by listening to his points. “Make sure you are listening actively. The observer not only accounts for what you say, but also if you are listening to others and replying or building upon their ideas,” mentions Kshitij Mohta, IIM Ahmedabad student.
Now let us focus on the things which you should not do during GD.
Don’t enter in a fish market GD: Don’t speak in the crest of the GD. The moderators or even your fellow group members won’t be able to hear you. “GD’s become a bit messy sometimes, because each and every candidate is trying to express his/her viewpoint. The first thing which everyone should ensure is to stay calm and composed during the discussion. Do not try to make a chaotic situation, because a messy GD can lead to the disqualification of entire group,” says Vikram Malik of XLRI Jamshedpur.
Don’t interrupt when someone else is making a good point: Don’t interrupt and speak when someone else is making a good point. You would not leave a good impression on the moderators in that way. First listen to his or her point and then share your views pertaining to that. “I made it a point not to interrupt in somebody else's entries in the GD and paid attention to what other people were speaking,” mentions Puja.
Don’t agree with everyone’s point: Disagreeing is also important. If you agree with everyone’s point, then there would be no point in your own opinion. The correct way to approach, according to Mohta is, “The right approach would be to interrupt politely, beginning with: - Although I agree with ______ aspect of your point, I feel that______ - To add to the point you are making, ______. Do not make the mistake of 'totally agreeing with the point' and then putting across a different point.”
Don’t use informal language: You should not bring in any unparliamentary or slang language while speaking or make any derogatory remark. Your language should be absolutely formal and to the point. You must come straight to the point and don’t beat around the bush.