Turks and Caicos have a total of 40 different islands and cays, with only 8 of which are inhabited. Among the islands, it is Providenciales that is well-known and is the center of tourism. A visit to the island of Grand Turk and Salt cay will offer you a glimpse of Caribbean history with its fascinating Bermudan architecture and great diving spot. Off to the North and Mid Caicos, you will be enchanted with the lushness of the green woodlands and the biggest cave network in the Caribbean. Marine life is abundant in South Caicos which made it known as the center for fishing. You will find the most exclusive resorts, Parrot Cay Resort and Meridian Club, in the privately owned Parrot cay and Pine cay.
History and Culture
The Taino and Lucayan Indians were the early settlers of the islands of Turks and Caicos. Being the only residents in the islands, they have lived in peace on their own for almost 700 years. They settled mainly in Middle Caicos and Grand Turk and were skilled in fishing, farming and gardening. The name of the islands came from these original settlers. Turks refers to the indigenous Turk head cactus and Caicos comes from the Lucayan term “caya hico” which means a string of island. It was in 1492 that Christopher Columbus set foot on the island during his famous voyage. Shortly after that, the Lucayan civilization disappeared. The year 1512 marked the sighting of the islands by the Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de Leon. It was in 1706 that the Island of Turks and Caicos was captured from the Bermudans by the Spanish and French. By 1710, the British recaptured it on behalf of Bermuda. And in 1873, Queen Victoria granted a royal charter which places Turks and Caicos as an independent colony.
Turks and Caicos Islands have a tropical climate. In an average year, you can experience the warmth of the sun on the islands for 350 days. The hottest months are June to October with temperature ranging from 85-90 degrees fahrenheit while temperature from November to May range from 80-84 degrees.
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