without any flaw.
In order to minimize the errors we should write shell scripts in a
When executing a shell script use sh command with below
options to debug a shell script in effective way.
-x if you set this option, it will show you each
line before it executes it. Comments will not be reported.
For example: sh –x scriptname
-v Echo’s each line as it is read. It’s a kind
of verbose and even echo back commented lines too.
Example: sh –v scriptname
Note: A small difference between –x and –v is
that –v echo’s the line as it is read (So it will even
display comments too.), whereas –x flag causes each command to be
echoed as it is executed.
For Example: sh –xv scriptname
-u –At times you use a variable without setting
some value to it. If you use this flag it will give you the error
saying so and so variable is not set before executing the script.
-e –Exit the shell script if any error occurs.
This option will stop the script to run further once the script
encounters an error. Use full for debugging the first error
itself when running big scripts…
Example: sh –e scriptname
Always use vim editor to get the syntax error at the time of editing
the script itself.
brackets in a meaning full way using tabs.
Try to read and understand the script before running a script.
to give as many comments as possible for better understanding of the