Jupiter emits about 1.9 times the energy it receives, so it radiates 6.1 x 1025 ergs per second. This means that Jupiter is radiating 2.9 x 1025 ergs per second of its own energy. The interior of Jupiter is hot: the core is probably about 20,000 K. Presently; the heat is thought to be generated by the Kelvin-Helmholtz mechanism, the slow gravitational compression of the planet releasing gravitational potential energy. However this mechanism has been ruled out in case of Sun and Moon, so how can it hold well in case of Jupiter? In author’s opinion the whole idea of Kelvin Helmholtz Mechanism is a figment of scientific imagination. For this mechanism to be effective each and every particle must be individually pitted against rest of the universe and it does not happen. Imagine if each and every electron had to individually balance against the whole of nucleus. This is bound to lead to collapse of all atoms except Hydrogen. Moreover, how can there be any phenomenon like ‘slow gravitational compression’?
This mechanism is like saying that it rains because of gravitational collapse of water vapors. Events involving compression or collapse of any celestial body shall be determined only by properties of matter in gaseous, liquid and solid state or inter-atomic and inter-molecular forces of attraction and repulsion. Release of energy, if any, shall proceed accordingly. Gravity has no role to play. Therefore, Kelvin-Helmholtz mechanism can neither account for temperature of interior of Jupiter nor for extra energy emitted by Jupiter.
It is generally accepted that Jupiter CAN NOT produce energy by thermo-nuclear fusion as in the Sun; being much too small and hence its interior is too cool to ignite nuclear reactions. Moreover it is yet to be proved that thermo-nuclear fusion is the source of Sun’s energy.
Jupiter’s chemical composition consists of approximately 88 to 92% Hydrogen, 8 to 12% Helium, trace amounts of Methane, Ammonia, water vapors, Silicon etc. Oxygen is just not there. Therefore chemical energy as the source of Jupiter’s extra energy is impossible as no redox reactions are feasible due to absence of atmospheric oxygen.
Saturn emits even more energy than Jupiter, as compared to the amount of energy it receives from Sun. In fact, it emits 2.3 times the energy it receives from Sun. Identical arguments, as in the case of Jupiter have been advanced to explain this anomaly. However, the above mentioned arguments also apply to Saturn and are not being repeated herein. Therefore, Saturn’s extra energy emission can’t be explained on the basis of thermonuclear reactions, chemical energy and release of gravitational potential energy.
How do we explain this anomaly? There are only two possibilities:-
Both, Jupiter and Saturn create their own energy which is subsequently emitted. Apparently this is a contradiction to law of conservation of energy. But law of conservation of energy is valid only in the domain of physical, chemical and nuclear reactions and there too it is subject to action of universal heat sink or entropy which amounts to decay of energy. Creation of energy in this universe is essential for two reasons:
(a) To compensate loss of energy to universal heat sink so that it is a self-sustaining universe.
(b) For the purpose of origin, growth and evolution of universe from null or nothing.
Hence law of conservation of energy must be accordingly amended and its scope and limits accordingly defined.
2. Both, Jupiter and Saturn generate energy by low energy nuclear reactions and subsequently emit the same. Low energy nuclear reactions (LENR) involving mass-energy inter-conversion were first described by Stanley Pons and Martin Fleischmann in 1989. Recently NASA has also acknowledged occurrence of LENR. Read: NASA Acknowledges Cold Fusion & Low Energy Nuclear Reactions, http://theintelhub.com/
Which of the two possibilities is correct is a matter of further investigations. Keeping in view self-sustaining nature of universe odds are in favor of Jupiter and Saturn being hubs of energy creation.
Author: Dr Mahesh C. Jain is a practicing medical doctor and has written the book “Encounter of Science with Philosophy – A synthetic view”. The book begins with first chapter devoted to scientifically valid concept of God and then explains cosmic phenomena right from origin of nature and universe up to origin of life and evolution of man. The book includes several chapters devoted to auxiliary concepts and social sciences as corollaries to the concept of God. This is the only book which deals with origin of nature and universe from null.
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Tagged as: extra energy, Extra Energy of Jupiter and Saturn, gravitational collapse, Jupiter, Low energy cold nuclear reaction, Saturn