As the silver waters of the Kishanganga rush through this north Kashmir valley, Indian labourers are laborious at work on a hydropower project that may dam the river simply before it flows across one in all the world's most heavily militarised borders into Pakistan.
The hum of excavators echoes through the pine-covered valley, whereas army trucks crawl through the steep Himalayan mountain passes.
The dam could be a image of India's growing specialise in hydropower however additionally highlights how water could be a growing supply of tension with downstream Pakistan, that depends on the snow-fed Himalayan rivers for everything from drinking water to agriculture.
Islamabad has complained to a global court that the dam within the Gurez valley, one in all dozens planned by India, can have an effect on river flows and is illegitimate. The court has halted any permanent work on the river for the instant, though India will still continue tunnelling and alternative associated comes.
In the years since their partition from British India in 1947, land disputes have led the 2 nuclear-armed neighbours to 2 of their 3 wars. Water may otherwise be successive flashpoint.
"There is unquestionably potential for conflict based mostly on water, significantly if we have a tendency to are trying to the year 2050 when there might be considerable water scarcity in India and Pakistan," said Mr Michael Kugelman, South Asia Associate at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for students in Washington.
"Populations can still grow. there'll be additional pressure on offer. think about climate amendment and faster glacial soften ... which means rather more are going to be at stake," he said.