DESIGN IN THE UNIVERSE
1. Human creative intelligence produces complex design.
2. Non-human design, far superior and more complex than human design, can be observed in the universe.
3. Therefore, a superior intelligent power* exists in the universe.
1. Determination of violations of morality require an objective judge and standard or law of morality.
2. Human ideas of morality differ among individuals, groups, and societies.
3. Therefore, an ultimate judge, authority, and source of morality exists to determine violations of morality.
MEANING OR PURPOSE OF HUMAN LIFE
1. Human life and effort require an ultimate or transcendent purpose or meaning.
2. Human ideas of meaning or purpose differ among individuals, groups, and societies.
3. Therefore, an ultimate or transcendent intelligence exists to inform humanity of its purpose or meaning.
1. Human relationships and organized societies require the idea of the superior value of humans above other animate an inanimate objects.
2. Humans are otherwise incapable of supporting a rationale for the superior value of humans.
3. Therefore, a transcendent intelligence exists who informs humanity of its superior value.
1. Self-awareness and creativity exist in the universe, observed in human creativity and self-reflection.
2. Creativity superior to that of humans can be observed throughout the universe in which interconnection occurs in all non-human dynamic processes.
3. A superior creative self-aware intelligence exists in the universe.
*"My religion consists of a humble admiration of the illimitable superior spirit who reveals himself in the slight details we are able to perceive with our frail and feeble minds. That deeply emotional conviction of the presence of a superior reasoning power, which is revealed in the incomprehensible universe, forms my idea of God." -from The Quotable Einstein, Princeton University Press
"I'm not an atheist, and I don't think I can call myself a pantheist. We are in the position of a little child entering a huge library filled with books in many languages. The child knows someone must have written those books. It does not know how. It does not understand the languages in which they are written. The child dimly suspects a mysterious order in the arrangement of the books but doesn't know what it is. That, it seems to me, is the attitude of even the most intelligent human being toward God. We see the universe marvelously arranged and obeying certain laws but only dimly understand these laws. Our limited minds grasp the mysterious force that moves the constellations."