The Trans-Canada Highway is a highway of a federal-provincial type, which joins the ten provinces. Along with Australia’s Highway 1 and the Trans-Siberian Highway, it is among the longest national highways in the world. The main Trans-Canada Route is made of Manitoba Highway 100, Manitoba Highway 1, Saskatchewan Highway 1, Alberta Highway 1, and British Columbia Highway 1. The highway is an important trade and travel artery, providing transportation links between different communities. Regarding roads, the country has close to 900,000 km of roads while the national highway system of Canada consists of more than 38,000 km of major regional and national highways. About three-quarters of the freight shipments in the country move on roads, both to international and domestic destinations. Trucks carry virtually all goods consumed in the country, moving seventy-five percent of the value of shipments to international and domestic locations.
In addition to highways and roads, there is a category of scenic travelways, found in Prince Edward Island, Ontario, and Nova Scotia. The touring routes found here usually follow collector and slower-paced trunk roads, describing the natural features, history, and culture along the route. Among them are the Evangeline Trail, the Cabot Trail, the Ceilidh Trail, and many others. The Evangeline Trail, for example, measures 292 km and is found in the western part of Nova Scotia, bringing visitors to the Gulf of Maine, the Annapolis Valley, and the Minas Basin. The trail connects Yarmouth and Mount Uniacke. The Glooscap Trail is another scenic roadway found in the northern and central parts of Nova Scotia, which connects Amherst and Wolfville and measures 365 km.
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