The eye disease, Glaucoma is described best as when the optic nerve is damaged in a characteristic pattern. Glaucoma can eternally harm vision in the affected eye or both eyes and leads to blindness if left untreated.
The nerve damage in Glaucoma, involves loss of retinal ganglion cells in a characteristic pattern. Glaucoma can be roughly divided into two main categories, "open angle" and "closed angle" (or "angle closure") glaucoma. The angle refers to the area between the iris and cornea, through which fluid must flow to escape via the trabecular meshwork. Closed angle glaucoma can appear suddenly and is often painful; visual loss can progress quickly, but the discomfort often leads patients to seek medical attention before permanent damage occurs. Open angle, chronic glaucoma tends to progress at a slower rate and patients may not notice they have lost vision until the disease has progressed significantly.
Glaucoma has been called the "silent thief of sight" because the loss of vision often occurs gradually over a long period of time, and symptoms only occur when the disease is quite advanced. Once lost, vision cannot normally be recovered and so treatment is aimed at preventing further loss.
Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness after cataracts. It is also the leading cause of blindness among African Americans. Glaucoma affects one in 200 people aged fifty and younger, and one in 10 over the age of eighty. If the condition is detected early enough, it is possible to apprehend the development or slow the progression with medical and surgical means.
The trained and certified optical professionals at Seaside Eyecare Optometry provide customized evaluations specific to an individual’s vision needs. Seaside Eyecare Optometry invites people to get checked today for Glaucoma and preserve their eyesight.
Learn more by visiting http://www.seasideeyecare.com
Seaside Optometry 638 Camino De Los Mares, Ste A-120 San Clemente, CA 92673
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