Obesity now accounts for 9.1% of all medical spending, up from 6.5% in 1998. An obese person spends $1,429 per year more on medical costs, or about 42% more, than someone of healthy weight. Costs for an obese Medicare recipient are even greater.
Obesity will continue to impose a significant burden on the health care system as long as the prevalence of obesity remains high. According to data from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), in 2005-2008, the prevalence of obesity was 33.9% among adults age 20-74, up from 31.2% during 2001-04. With government cost cutting (including Medicare and Medicaid) on the table, the pressure to address obesity-related healthcare costs can only increase.
There is one simple reason for the rise in obesity: people take in more calories than they need, leaving them with excess calories stored as fat. Obesity trends mirror the rise in individual calorie intake, a trend that has only recently begun to reverse itself. The number of calories consumed has increased from 2,169 in 1970 to 2,594 in 2009, a 19.6% jump. However, calorie intake has actually dropped from the peak reached in 2002.
Moreover, according to David Sprinkle, publisher of Packaged Facts, the obesity trend is significantly influenced by socioeconomic factors, such as income level and race/ethnicity, that create complex questions for the food industry. There remains a clear relationship between household financial resources and diet perception: people who rate their diets as “excellent”
Black and Hispanic households have lower average household incomes and higher proportion of households at or below the poverty level. In poor neighborhoods across the United States, residents experience far higher rates of adult and childhood obesity than those in more affluent neighborhoods. Amidst poverty, scarcity, and food insecurity—limited or uncertain access to sufficient food—families struggle to keep food on the table. At the same time, many adults and children are overweight or obese.
But recent evidence suggests that change—at least in the form of consumer self-awareness—
As the nation struggles to combat the growing epidemic of obesity and obesity-related diseases, public officials, health professionals, and food industry participants are providing more and more information on the nutritional content of foods to help consumers choose healthier and truly nutritious diets. If a lack of specific information contributes to excess caloric consumption, then labeling in the away-from-home market may make it easier to moderate intake. Calorie labeling may help diners make healthier choices when eating out, or it may help them realize that they should consume fewer calories at other meals throughout the day to compensate for high-calorie meals away from home.
If the carrot of consumer education fails, society may increasingly turn to the stick. An Aon Hewitt survey released in June 2011 found that almost half of employers expect by 2016 to have programs that penalize workers “for not achieving specific health outcomes” such as lowering their weight, up from 10 percent in 2011.
For more information on Health on the Restaurant Menu: Foodservice Trends in the U.S., please visit www.marketresearch.com or https://www.packagedfacts.com/
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