Domestic oil consumption is heavily subsidized. Consumers pay around $0.07/KWh for electricity from oil-based generation, a fraction of its cost of production. The country imports liquefied natural gas to supply its power stations when demand peaks in the summer months. Kuwait is also planning to build a new oil refinery at a cost of at least 4 billion dinars to help meet domestic demand. Less than 1 percent of the power supply is from renewable sources. Kuwait only has a smattering of rooftop panels for solar hot water and electricity, is about to build its first utility-scale wind plant, a relatively small installation of 10MW, this year, and also proposes to build a hybrid gas/solar plant with 220MW of base-load gas supplemented by 60MW of solar. A separate 50MW solar PV plant is proposed and solar is also being considered for enhanced oil recovery.
The Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research is studying building wind turbines capable of adding 10 megawatts to the main electricity grid and which may be started this year. Its grandest solar vision could be a massive solar-powered international airport that has been designed by Foster & Partners. The sweeping roof, extending over three separate wings that will each extend 1.2 kilometres out from a 30 metre tall central dome, will be covered in enough photovoltaic panels to provide for the airport’s entire energy needs.
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Southeast Asian Ethanol is a private group dedicated to supporting the development of localized sugar cane based ethanol production throughout the Asian Region.